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By World Bank

Sub-Saharan Africa is a serious improvement priority―it has a few of the world's poorest nations and through the prior 20 years the variety of bad within the sector has doubled, to three hundred million―more than forty percentage of the region's inhabitants. Africa continues to be at the back of on lots of the Millennium improvement pursuits (MDGs) and is not likely to arrive them through 2015. With a few of the world's poorest nations, Africa is a improvement precedence for the donor neighborhood. an important drag on Africa's improvement is the underperformance of the severe agriculture area, which has been ignored either via donors and governments during the last 20 years. the sphere faces various constraints which are specific to agriculture in Africa and make its improvement a fancy problem. negative governance and clash in different international locations extra complicate concerns. IEG has assessed the improvement effectiveness of worldwide financial institution information in addressing constraints to agricultural improvement in Africa over the interval of economic 1991-2006.

Moving ahead, agriculture has huge, immense power to give a contribution to poverty aid in Africa and the financial institution could make an immense contribution during this region.

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Extra resources for World Bank Assistance to Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa: An IEG Review (Independent Evaluation Studies)

Example text

Ils n’ont cependant pas été en mesure d’aider des pays tels que le Malawi, par exemple, à élaborer une approche stratégique de long terme pour remédier aux causes fondamentales de l’insécurité alimentaire – autrement dit, à aider les pays à augmenter suffisamment leur productivité agricole afin de mettre un terme à la diminution des ressources alimentaires par habitant. À cet égard, si la Banque a concouru au développement de variétés améliorées de millet et de manioc au travers de son aide à la recherche, elle n’a pas su mesurer le rôle capital que le manioc peut jouer au service de la sécurité alimentaire dans la majorité des pays.

Ce secteur revêt une importance de premier plan pour la région du fait qu’il représente une part notable du produit intérieur brut (PIB) et de l’emploi. Sa mauvaise performance tient à différents problèmes qui sont particuliers à l’agriculture africaine et font de son développement un enjeu complexe. La mauvaise gouvernance et les conflits qui sévissent dans plusieurs pays ne font que compliquer la situation. L’IEG a mesuré l’efficacité de l’aide apportée par la Banque mondiale en vue de résoudre les obstacles au développement agricole en Afrique entre les exercices91 et 06 dans le cadre d’une étude pilote préalable à une évaluation plus générale de l’assistance qu’elle fournit à l’agriculture à l’échelle mondiale.

The authors of the review note that because of resource constraints, the evaluation considered only the Bank’s xlvi direct investment lending and nonlending activities.

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