By Ethel Mary Hampson
First released in 1934, this ancient survey of the applying of the bad legislation in Cambridgeshire covers the interval from its codification below Queen Elizabeth I to the modification Act of 1834. caused by the author's broad research of parish documents, debts and courtroom lawsuits, the exam of a mostly agricultural county marks it out from many different such reviews. Cambridgeshire is a distinct quarter; even if less than a robust metropolitan impression as a result of its geographical proximity to London and its hyperlinks to the capital through the college of Cambridge, it includes few cities or huge villages. The scattered inhabitants intended efforts to crew components for the needs of management throughout the interval in query have been mostly unsuccessful. as an alternative, E.M. Hampson's examine finds that neighborhood autonomy resulted in huge diversifications within the software of the terrible legislation.
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Additional info for Treatment of Poverty in Cambridgeshire, 1597-1834
2 House of Commons' Reports on Charitable Endowments, 1786-8, pp. 102-4. (See also Cooper, op. cit. ) 3 J. E. Foster, op. cit. pp. 273, 309, 328, 340, 353, 369, 370, 409, 475. 4 The designation "Almes fokes" was used here for parishioners in receipt of any form of regular relief. 30 POOR RELIEF IN CAMBRIDGE the overseers. In 1619 there were thirty-one individuals—some of whom were almshouse inmates—relieved by the churchwardens. Many of these must also have been on the overseers' books. The sums given ranged from jd.
Mrs Knight also left £20 to be loaned, on security, to young tradesmen " of godly life and conversation". John Sherwood, in 1642, similarly left £200 to be loaned to ten tradesmen. Alderman Foxton, in 1649, left £25 for the same purpose—the money was not made use of till 1656 and in less than twenty years the fate so usual with loans had befallen this benefaction. 3 At Great St Mary's, for example, even freer use than formerly was thus made of the church-rate. The almshouses in this parish still sheltered rate-aided paupers as well as other poor.
Churchwardens' Accounts ofSt Mary the Great, ed. J. E. Foster, 1905, pp. ) 3 Only " a parte of the Inn called the ffalcon" lay within Great St Mary's parish. Whilst any unfortunate inmate chancing to fall upon the rates was carefully housed on this side of the inn and demanded relief from Great St Mary's, inmates of ability refused to acknowledge the legitimacy of assessments laid upon them by the vestry of that parish. (Ibid. p. ) FIRST PART OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY 19 1 teenth century, against the taking of inmates and the erection of pauper dwellings in Cambridge.