Download Thinking about Addiction: Hyperbolic Discounting and by Craig Hanson PDF

By Craig Hanson

What's dependancy? Why perform a little humans develop into addicted whereas others don't? Is the addict rational? during this ebook, Craig Hanson makes an attempt to reply to those questions and extra. utilizing insights from the beginnings of philosophy to modern behavioral economics, Hanson makes an attempt to evaluate the diversity of how during which we will and can't, comprehend dependancy. precise attention is given to a tough (and arguable) thought dubbed "hyperbolic discounting." Hanson proposes a few differences to the hyperbolic discounting view that let it to give an explanation for not just dependancy, but in addition various mental maladies, akin to self-deception.

Show description

Read Online or Download Thinking about Addiction: Hyperbolic Discounting and Responsible Agency. (Value Inquiry Book) PDF

Best nonfiction_2 books

Rudolf Serkin: A Life

This ebook is the 1st biography of 20th-century pianist Rudolf Serkin, supplying a story of Serkin's existence with emphasis on his ecu roots and the effect of his circulate to the USA. according to his own papers and correspondence, in addition to vast interviews with neighbors, relations, and co-workers, the authors concentrate on 3 key points of Serkin's paintings, quite because it spread out in the USA: his artwork and profession as a pianist, his actions as a pedagogue, together with his lengthy organization with the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, and his key position in institutionalizing a redefinition of musical values in the USA via his paintings as inventive director of the Marlboro song university and competition in Vermont.

Ing As in King (Word Families Set 6)

Introduces, in short textual content and illustrations, using the letter blend "ing" in such phrases as "king," "ring," "wring," and "swing. "

The Dissection of Vertebrates: A Laboratory Manual

With illustrations on seven vertebrates - Lamprey, Shark, Perch, Mudpuppy, Frog, Cat, Pigeon - Dissection of Vertebrates is the 1st publication of its style to incorporate top quality, digitally rendered illustrations, and has lately received an Award of Excellence in Illustrated clinical e-book from the organization of Medicial Illustrators.

Universals and Property Instances: The Alphabet of Being (Aristotelian Society, Vol 15)

Due to the fact that Plato a few philosophers have famous houses and family members as universals, basic realities, whereas others have disputed their life. during this quantity, John Bacon argues that it truly is tricky to disclaim the life of particularized homes and family members, which in sleek philosophy are often known as "tropes".

Additional resources for Thinking about Addiction: Hyperbolic Discounting and Responsible Agency. (Value Inquiry Book)

Example text

But given that hyperbolic discounting is the status quo of human valuation, how we could ever bring ourselves to valuate in any other manner is not obvious. Even if we were able to do so, Ainslie claims in no uncertain terms, doing so may not be desirable. For example, if I have a chronic problem with over-spending, I might adopt the following rule: Only use my financial resources to purchase food and to pay bills. In many cases, this would turn out to be a financially advantageous rule to follow.

The Rational Choice construal of addiction would reject the notion that we continually reverse our preferences over short periods of time. Symbolically, these presuppositions are demonstrated by appeal to a basic utility function that presupposes a consistent future-discounting rate. Beginning with Paul Samuelson (1937) and continuing today, the Rational Choice theorist uses the following “exponential discounting function”: (1) vi = Aie-kDi 20 THINKING ABOUT ADDICTION This equation claims that the value one places on a good is equal to the amount of utility it provides, discounted per delay.

I offer two weak principles. The first is that a person is morally responsible should it be the case that the person not attempt to change something in its life that it believes to be tremendously harmful. The second is that addicts are to be blamed should they continue to attempt to implement a strategy that has repeatedly failed in the past. I will begin by revisiting the visceral account, Rational Choice Theory, and Ainslie’s model of addiction in a more rigorous manner. My objective is to show why Ainslie’s model deserves such attention not only in philosophy proper, but also in behavioral economics.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.94 of 5 – based on 26 votes