By Angelina Nduku Kioko
This learn describes a few key elements of Kikamba grammar within the context of advances in theoretical linguistics. As a initial to the most dialogue, the phonology, morphology and syntax of the language are defined in bankruptcy 2. The ebook then describes intimately the contract process, bankruptcy three; the pronominal procedure, bankruptcy four; the passive development, bankruptcy five; and the applicative building, bankruptcy 6; within the mild of theoretical literature falling in the govt and Binding, Relational Grammar and Lexical practical Grammar. the appliance of the tenets of those theories to the outline of the Kikamba info leaves a few sorts of buildings unaccounted for. particularly it's argued that, to account for the entire types of the passive building saw in Kikamba, we have to examine the fundamental positive aspects of the passive verb. The passive verb has to be one who has an inherent argument and person who can take an expletive topic. equally, the research of the applicative building issues to the necessity to realize capabilities of the utilized affix: a transitivizing functionality and a crossreferencing functionality. item production is proven to be a outcome and never a functionality of the cross-referencing use of the utilized affix.
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Extra resources for Theoretical Issues in the Grammar of Kikamba: A Bantu Language
E though every animate DOUJI has lIS own class prerIX, for agreement ptUpOSe this prefix is igoorod). The following CXllJl1lles from Bokamha (1985) CJlemplify this phenomenon. a.. 8-young men 2-have fallen. The young men have fallen. (,) M-bwa a-mcanguka. >-dog I-has fallen. The dog has fallen. (d) M-bw. wa-meanguka.. JO-dogs 2-bave fallen. The dogs have fallen. (0) ·Ki-jana Id-meanguka. 7-yoWig man 7-has fallen. a. 10000gs IO-have fallen. mcanguka. 7-eup 7-has fallen. The cup has fal len. (b) Vi-kombe vi-meanguka..
Thcse examples point to the oonclusioo that the noun cannot govern adjective agreement ~ " coojtmction. In the well formed NPs (30 a) and (31 a) the adjective a~t ~es Ulto Ill:oount the features of the ooun closest to it. In example (32) only ~ IS big. The sctltence does DOt share the ambiguity ofits English IranSlation ~ a big cup and a spoon~. Following Crubett we propose that the forms used for gender resolutions are those which have semantic justification and that in all the instances observed in Kibmba, the moti vation favoured by resolution rulcs is semantic.
29) Syindil nisyAvAJilIc1. -vaIUk-A. 8-things FOC-8· TNS-fall-FV. The things feU. ~ above resolution rules can be replaced by the (allowing statement: Agreement rules take the person features of the bighest conjunct in the hierarchy. Ist > 2nd > ]rd . g. (27 d). Nwnber. resolution is complex only in languages whicb distinguish more that two n~bcr categones. KiJcamba distinguishes only between plural and singular and the examples gtvcu snow that a compound NP is treated like a plUJ1ll by agreement rules.