By Holger Henke Ph.D.
The West Indian americans introduces scholars and different readers to the variety and cultural individuality of a starting to be phase of the yank immigrant neighborhood. After an introductory bankruptcy that describes the heritage and folks of Jamaica and the opposite English-speaking Caribbean countries, their migration to the U.S. and styles of adjustment and variation are mentioned. subsequent, the West Indian cultural traditions, transferred to this nation specially the church buildings, literature, track, and gala's, spring to mind. one other bankruptcy covers family members networks, go back migration, and remittances to these participants left at the back of within the West Indies. ultimate chapters study the hot demanding situations for the West Indian american citizens, corresponding to identification concerns, schooling and activity customers, and gang and drug difficulties, and the contributions of West Indian immigrants.
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Drugs and Security in the Caribbean: Sovereignty under Siege. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. 20 THE WEST INDIAN AMERICANS Haraksingh, Kusha R. 1985. " In Calcutta to Caroni: The East Indians in Trinidad, ed. John La G. Guerre, 155-169. St. Augustine, Trinidad: University of West Indies. Henfrey, Colin V. F. 1972. " In Patterns of Foreign Influence in the Caribbean, ed. Emmanuel de Kadt, 49-81. London: Oxford University Press for the Royal Institute of International Affairs.
The main impact of the McCarran-Walter Act was that migration shifted to the United Kingdom until the immigration laws there were tightened in 1962. Between 1962 and 1965, when the discriminatory 24 THE WEST INDIAN AMERICANS provisions in the United States were repealed, West Indians again shifted their direction back to this country, "first coming through the side door (as spouses, relatives, and so on), then the back door, and finally, with independence and subsequently the 1965 immigration act, through the front door as well" (Pastor 1987:251).
Incidentally, canoe is a word that goes back to the Caribbean Indians. Similar words that have become fixed terms in many languages are barbacoa (barbecue), batate (potato), cacao (cocoa), chili, huracan (hurricane), mahiz (maize), papaya, tobago (tobacco), and tomatl (tomato). Of particular interest are the Garinagu, sometimes called Black Caribs or Garifuna people, descendants of the Caribs and maroons who originally settled and lived together in St. Vincent. Because of their resistance to slavery, they were later deported to Central America, particularly Honduras and Belize.