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By Dr. Patricia Riles Wickman

Patricia Riles Wickman bargains a brand new paradigm for the translation of southeastern local American and Spanish colonial historical past and a brand new solution to view the improvement of the United States.In her compelling and debatable arguments, Wickman rejects the myths that erase local american citizens from Florida in the course of the enterprise of Spaniards and illnesses and make the world an empty frontier watching for American growth. via examine on each side of the Atlantic and broad oral historical past interviews one of the Seminoles of Florida and Oklahoma, Wickman shatters present theories in regards to the origins of the folk encountered by means of the Spaniards and offers, for the 1st time ever, the local American viewpoint. She describes the genesis of the teams identified this present day as Creek, Seminole, and Miccosukee—the Maskoki peoples—and strains their universal Mississippian history, asserting their claims to non-stop habitation of the Southeast and Florida. Her paintings exposes the rhetoric of conquest and replaces it with the rhetoric of survival. an immense cross-disciplinary paintings, The Tree That Bends unearths the pliability of the Maskoki humans and the sociocultural mechanisms that allowed them to outlive the pressures brought at touch. Their international was once able to incorporating the hot with out destroying the outdated, and their descendants not just continue to exist this present day but in addition be successful as a discrete tradition for that reason.

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Extra info for The tree that bends: discourse, power, and the survival of the Maskókî people

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These myths may be stated or unstated in the syntheses, but their power to color perceptions and speak in the conclusions remains equal. The major myths that propel our continuing conceptions and misconceptions of the Native Americans are grounded in the earliest perceptions of the male Europeans who first met their antecedents and in the unique discourse sets that evolved in their negotiations. Those same myths have been preserved, some of them almost intact, for almost five hundred stormy years and have been used very effectively to disempower the Native Page 16 Americans in socially, politically, and economically significant ways.

The interposition of a completely new set of requirements and expectations carried by the Europeans initiated a profound process of self-objectification among the southeastern Maskókî peoples that allowed them to begin to modify themselves, within the flexible parameters of their own discourse, while maintaining a maximum number of their own prerogatives within any given circumstance. The second unit is composed of the Iberian-dominated cultural and administrative centers at Santa Elena (near Beaufort, South Carolina; the first capital of La Florida, abandoned in 1587), San Agustín (St.

25) With this mandate subsequently reconfigured as an evolving Protestant ideology and mediated by the dialog of an emerg- Page 15 ing Humanism, seventeenth- and eighteenth-century English Christians retained the utilitarian cultural superciliousness of Aristotelian linealism even as they reframed their drive to convert within economic parameters and politicized their discourse of dominance. Regardless of the framework, however, the legacy left to the present generation of social scientists remains the same.

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