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By Dr. Patricia Riles Wickman

Patricia Riles Wickman deals a brand new paradigm for the translation of southeastern local American and Spanish colonial heritage and a brand new approach to view the advance of the United States.

In her compelling and arguable arguments, Wickman rejects the myths that erase local american citizens from Florida during the organisation of Spaniards and ailments and make the realm an empty frontier looking forward to American enlargement. via learn on each side of the Atlantic and huge oral historical past interviews one of the Seminoles of Florida and Oklahoma, Wickman shatters present theories in regards to the origins of the folks encountered through the Spaniards and provides, for the 1st time ever, the local American viewpoint. She describes the genesis of the teams recognized this day as Creek, Seminole, and Miccosukee—the Maskoki peoples—and strains their universal Mississippian history, declaring their claims to non-stop habitation of the Southeast and Florida. Her paintings exposes the rhetoric of conquest and replaces it with the rhetoric of survival.

a tremendous cross-disciplinary paintings, The Tree That Bends unearths the pliability of the Maskoki humans and the sociocultural mechanisms that allowed them to outlive the pressures brought at touch. Their global was once in a position to incorporating the recent with out destroying the previous, and their descendants not just live to tell the tale this day but in addition be successful as a discrete tradition as a result.

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Extra resources for The Tree that Bends: Discourse, Power, and the Survival of Maskoki People

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This interpretation is much more consistent with a circular cosmogony than the antagonistic rhetoric of the simplistic priest-as-mediator paradigm and also is consistent with the role of the “medicine” practitioner today. ” “Their idol . . is four feet high and carved of wood. Its head is like those of the people of Florida. . 24 In this regard, his reevaluation is invaluable also because it lays the groundwork for a realignment of the basic paradigm within which later (seventeenth and eighteenth century) Maskókî culture has been interpreted historically.

I also discuss the specialized nature of an orally transmitted society. In Chapter 4 I continue the discussion of the dynamic nature of Maskókî life and the speci¤c elements of that dynamism that have been obscured by European concerns with antithetical goals. These include various types of power relationships, especially in relation to the power to name, and rename, and power as it related to the internal social structures of the Native Americans themselves. The relationships of gender and sex among the Maskókî peoples are examined in Chapter 5, along with some of the power systems by which Europeans manipulated away female power in the documents.

Platform mounds are intimately linked with the celebration and evolution of the major búsketau, or fasting rituals, of the Maskokálgî liturgical year, especially the Green Corn ceremony, which continues to be celebrated to the present. The quadrilateral con¤guration of the mounds’ platforms reaf¤rmed and reinforced the primacy of the number four and the teachings of the Four Teachers (see below), even as the Maskókî people placed it in obvious juxtaposition to the classic, round, ceremonial ground.

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