By Einar Haugen, Thomas L Markey
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Extra info for The Scandinavian Languages: Fifty Years of Linguistic Research (1918 - 1968)
If, he argues, -en > -a, then SWEDISH 49 one would naturally expect to find traces of nasalized final vowels in the areas between these two forms. However, though we do find nasal vowels in peripheral areas such as Dalecarlian, nasality could have been lost in the intermediate area. As the isogloss for forms in -a coincides with that for kyrka, this suggests that the analogy theory is empirically motivated. However, nothing speaks against assuming that -en > -a in the same area as we find kyrka.
Interesting attempts to reorient the views of the Sw public by introducing concepts from linguistics and communication theory are represented by a symposium of younger linguists edited by Sture Allen under the title Spräk, spräkvärd och kommunikation (1967). A valuable survey of the various views that have been maintained concerning the teaching of the mother tongue in the secondary schools is to be found in the dissertation of Karin Tarschys (1955). In a lecture Loman has called for the introduction of descriptive linguistic methods in this teaching (1964).
Place names in -ing(e) can be dated according to the presence vs. lack of i-umlaut in the first component and the age of the personal names of the first component. Morphological changes, such as the secondary genitive Björns- in names in -torp, indicate that such names can hardly be older than the medieval period. Then, too, archeology plays an important role in determining the date of place names, and Vilhelm la Cour has been an important proponent of this approach. Therkel Mathiassen (1948) has related the location of various names to archeological sites from the Bronze and Iron Ages and has thereby attempted to show that names in -ing and -urn, the most important second components in place names in West Jutland, occur in areas with finds from the Older Iron Age, though such an agreement is not found between these names and Bronze Age sites.