By R. Quinn Duffy
Read Online or Download The Road to Nunavut: The Progress of the Eastern Arctic Inuit since the Second World War PDF
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Extra info for The Road to Nunavut: The Progress of the Eastern Arctic Inuit since the Second World War
H. Varley, for example, were among the prominent Canadians who made the trip. Always on board was a complement of RCMP officers, for the chief arm of administration and government on the Arctic islands was the long reach of seven or eight police detachments. The fetch of the law stretched all the way to Dundas Harbour and Craig Harbour, 12 The Road to Nunavut where no Inuit lived and few visitors ever ventured. These outposts of "G" Division existed solely to hold on to Canadian sovereignty in the High Arctic.
Lewis said in reply that his observation was "that instead of protecting the Eskimo we seem to be protecting the traders, or those who go in there. " The police, whom the government sent into the Arctic "to protect the Eskimo and preserve their game," were in fact on the side of the native people and defended them against the malicious greed of the traders. As early as 1927 the reports that RCMP officers sent to Ottawa from the Arctic posts condemned the traders' practice of forcing Inuit to trap in areas where fur was plentiful but food was scarce.
For a short time these openings in the ice offered the best hunting for the Inuit. In autumn the fiords and the narrow channels between the islands were the favourite haunt of the seal. Then later in the season they moved to more open sea where they scratched breathing holes in the ice. During the winter Inuit families came together in large camps, sometimes referred to as villages, to hunt the seal at these breathing holes. Thus the configuration of the coastline, the strength and direction of winds and tides and currents, and the seasonal movements of seal and walrus, caribou and fish controlled the annual distribution patterns and migration of the Inuit.