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By John Forbes

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Extra info for The principles of Gaelic grammar : with definitions, rules, and examples in English and Gaelic ...

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VD cal765] Givon (1979a, 1990) suggests that a language does not need strong morphosyntactic coding of relatives, even if the zero strategy draws more heavily on processing time and is more dependent on lexical, contextual, and pragmatic information. g. 1988) arrives at a similar conclusion, viz. that it is convenient but not necessary for a language to have the possibility of explicit morphosyntactic marking. In both perspectives, it is, given the availability of 28 ADRIENNE BRUYN the zero-marking strategy, remarkable that disi became a relativizer so rapidly in Sranan.

An-a:-ku 'I' zikar-a:-ta *an-ta: 'you' zikar-a:-nu *nah-nu 'we' zikar-a:-tunu *an-tunu 'ye' pars-a:-ku pars-a:-ta pars-a:-nu pars-a:-tunu With verbs the stative was a conjugated adjective whose function was to express the state without anchoring it in the present moment. g. damiq (derived from the adjective damiq-um 'good') meant both 'he is good' and 'he was good'; bait -a:ku (derived from the adjective balt-um 'living, alive') meant both 'I am alive' and 'I was alive'. g. paris 'it was decided').

Nieuwe West-Indische Gids/New West Indian Guide 57. 37-88. Boretzky, Norbert. 1983. Kreolsprachen, Substrate und Sprachwandel Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. Bruyn, Adrienne. 1995a. Grammaticalization in Creoles: The development of determiners and relative clauses in Sranan. Amsterdam: IFOTT. — . 1995b. "Relative clauses in early Sranan". Arends 1995. 149-202. — . 1996. "On identifying instances of grammaticalization in creole languages". Changing meanings, changing functions: Papers related to grammaticalization in contact languages ed.

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