Download The Poor in England, 1700-1900: An Economy of Makeshifts by Alannah Tomkins, Steven King PDF

By Alannah Tomkins, Steven King

This attention-grabbing examine investigates the event of English poverty among 1700 and 1900 and the ways that the negative made ends meet. The word 'economy of makeshifts' has frequently been used to summarise the patchy, determined and infrequently failing recommendations of the negative for cloth survival. within the terrible of britain a number of the best, younger historians of welfare study how merits received from entry to universal land, mobilisation of kinship help, resorting to crime, and different marginal assets may prop up suffering families. The essays try and clarify how and whilst the negative secured entry to those makeshifts and recommend how the stability of those innovations may possibly switch through the years or be changed via gender, life-cycle and geography. This booklet represents the only most vital test in print to provide the English 'economy of makeshifts' with an excellent, empirical foundation and to strengthen the idea that of makeshifts from a obscure yet handy label to a extra targeted but inclusive definition.

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Additional resources for The Poor in England, 1700-1900: An Economy of Makeshifts

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Focusing on Lancashire, and using a combination of early nineteenth-century censuses of the poor and the record books of Quaker women who dispensed charity, she deals with people labelled as ‘poor’ by their communities. Her observation that many ‘poor’ people had little or nothing to do with the communal welfare system has resonance with many recent trends in welfare historiography. Working out from this observation, she is able to begin the process of tracing the intricate and (at household level) Introduction 27 diverse relationship between poor relief, kinship support, work and charity.

92 M. Freeman, ‘Plebs or predators? Deer stealing in Whichwood forest, Oxfordshire in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries’, Social History, 21 (1996). See also the discussion of the enclosure of the Otmoor wetland in S. King and J. G. Timmins, Making Sense of the Industrial Revolution (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2001). 93 There is a considerable literature on these issues. For two examples, see J. Rule, ‘Against innovation? Custom and resistance in the workplace, 1700–1850’, in T.

Levine, The Making of an Industrial Society: Whickham 1560–1765 (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1991). 89 In line with the value of common land and common rights set down by Neeson or Humphries. See J. M. Neeson, Commoners: Common Right, Enclosure and Social Change in England, 1700–1820 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996), and J. Humphries, ‘Enclosure, common rights and women: the proletarianization of families in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries’, Journal of Economic History, 50 (1990).

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