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By Azevedo, Joaquim

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Extra resources for The origin and transmission of the alphabet

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A new thesis as a tentative explanation for this process also is presented. At the end of this paper, diagrams of Greek, Latin, and Anatolian alphabets are displayed to ilustrate the widespread use of the alphabet. Instrumentation A paleographic study of the alphabet is necessary to understand the variations suffered by it. The material analysed in this study are those mentioned in the catalogue of inscriptions in chapter three. Sampling The documents used as a source for this research are grouped in twelve categories integrating the PseudoHierogliph, Proto-Sinaitic, Proto-Canaanite, Phoenician, and the Archaic Greek inscriptions.

Another factor which contributed for the development of the alphabet was that all languages are in continual transformation throughout their lifespan. C. 2 M. Martin, "Revision and Reclassification of the Proto Byblian Signs," Orientalia 31 (1962): 351. Martin wrote regarding the signs for water, house, eye, head, hill country and door that "these signs were in use in Phoenicia during the Evolutionary period of the Phoenician consonantal alphabet. It is geographically and palaeographically improbable that no connection existed between them and the later Phoenician counterparts as between parent-sign and subsequent development," ibid.

111. C. and that the one linear successor of them, linear A, was used in Crete henceforward, whilst the linear successor of the other originally Phoenician pictographic script was continued in Ugarit, but not in Crete," ibid. 2 Kenna, 95; Evans, 1: 232-233. 'Evans, 1: 1-291. 27 TABLE 2 COMPARISON BETWEEN CRETAN SCRIPTS AND THE EGYPTIAN, CUNEIFORM, AND OLD PHOENICIAN SIGNS Transliteration of sign Signs Cretan pictograph Linear A Linear B Translation of A ft B Source: Jan Best, "The Oldest Script from Crete: Derivation, Development, Decipherment," chap, in Ancient Script from Crete and Cyprus, ed.

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