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By Theo Vennemann

The 7th overseas convention for historic Linguistics, which came about on the college of Pavia from nine to thirteen September, 1985, integrated a workshop titled Reconstructions of the Proto-Indo-European Sound method and Their effects. whereas the Workshop used to be under no circumstances meant to be prejudiced for or opposed to any
particular subject and strategy in Proto-Indo-European phonology, nearly the total dialogue, both absolutely or negatively, concerned purely topics, the second one of them to double the level of the 1st: the Laryngeal idea and the Glottalic conception. the various papers and discussions give a contribution to at least one of the 2, a few argue opposed to them, a few use them as beginning issues and truly transcend them. but the affinity to both the only or the opposite is in just about all circumstances nice adequate to warrant their subsumption below this type of headings.

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Extra resources for The New Sound of Indo-European: Essays in Phonological Reconstruction. Proceedings of a workshop held during the Seventh International Conference on Historical Linguistics held Sept. 9-13, 1985 at the University of Pavia

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Bloomington: Indiana University Press. [An earlier version appeared in Ramat et al. ] Marchand, James W. 1955 Was There a Uniform Proto-Indo-European? Orbis 4, 428-31. Mayrhofer, Manfred 1982 Über griechische Vokalprothese, Laryngaltheorie und externe Rekonstruktion. Serta Germanica: Festschrift fur Günter Neumann, ed. by Johann Tischler, 177-92. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität. 1983 Sanskrit und die Sprachen Alteuropas: Zwei Jahrhunderte des Widerspiels 14 Konrad Koerner von Entdeckungen und Irrtümern.

Whereas the zerograde formations dealt with so far remained totally pronounceable when /h/ was lost in prevocalic position, it is less clear what would happen to the toparticiples, which, on structural grounds, are to be posited as *dhh-tö-, *sth-to-, and *dh-tö-. Here the laryngeal was in interconsonantal position. There evidently was a stage in the prehistory of Greek at which the consonantal /h/ was replaced by one of three vocalic phonemes, which will be represented as /9i/> 2/» a n d /a3/· One could argue that /h/ was replaced by if the full grade was e, by /a2/ if the full grade was ä, and by /a3/ if the full grade was ö.

Price, I JAL 42. 1976. 338-348. Glottalization: A glottalized pharyngeal (S) is posited by Kuipers (1974:20) for Shuswap, but it was realized as a simple glottal stop. See below on combinations. Combinations: In Abkhaz a laryngeal which is both palatalized and labialized occurs: H w. In some dialects the glottal articulation is lost and a labialized y (y w ) remains. Starreveld (1983:76); Dumezil (1967:9). A glottalized labialized pharyngeal fricative, i w , is found in Shuswap; Kuipers (1974:20).

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