By Lieselotte Anderwald
The place do dialects range from general English, and why are they so remarkably resilient? This new learn argues that well-known verbs that deviate from ordinary English for the main half have a protracted pedigree. Analysing the language use of over one hundred twenty dialect audio system, Lieselotte Anderwald demonstrates that not just are audio system justified traditionally in utilizing those verbs, systematically those non-standard kinds truly make extra experience. via constituting an easier process, they're mostly more cost effective than their commonplace English opposite numbers. Drawing on information amassed from the Freiburg English Dialect Corpus (FRED), this cutting edge and fascinating learn comes without delay from the vanguard of this box, and may be of significant curiosity to scholars and researchers of English language and linguistics, morphology and syntax.
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Additional info for The Morphology of English Dialects: Verb-Formation in Non-standard English (Studies in English Language)
Katamba (1993) is a good introduction to some of the general issues; see also Carstairs-McCarthy (1992). g. the lexical roots in many theories) are stored at the base, and are then moved through the different strata to form words. g. of derivation. Linguists are generally not agreed on the number of strata – Katamba presents a consensus model of just two strata, Kiparsky (1982) has proposed three, others have even argued for four distinct strata including loops (Halle and Mohanan 1985; Mohanan 1986 – I will not go into details of the loop discussion here).
Since in Great Britain (or, indeed, the United States) no language academy was ever established that would settle disputed questions over what constitutes ‘good’ English or that could ofﬁcially sanction language behaviour, the question of what exactly ‘standard English’ is can only be answered much more indirectly than, say, for French, where such an academy exists. Nevertheless, ‘standard English’ is much more than a mythical entity or chimera which would dissolve if you look at it too hard, although its exact borders may be ﬂuid.
22 All county designations in this book refer to the pre-1974 counties before the great reforms. Not only does much of the material come from the time before 1974, the traditional names (and borders) still seem to carry great weight in people’s perceptual geography even today. A full list of county names and numbers can be found in Appendix 2. 1 English counties sampled in FRED ﬁxed date had to be chosen to guarantee comparability across analyses, and of course to get started in the ﬁrst place, and thus I chose the latest possible version of FRED for these analyses.