Download The Line Which Separates: Race, Gender, And The Making Of by Sheila McManus PDF

By Sheila McManus

International locations are made and unmade at their borders, and the forty-ninth parallel isolating Montana and Alberta within the overdue 19th century was once a pivotal Western website for either the us and Canada. Blackfoot nation was once a key website of Canadian and American efforts to form their international locations and nationwide identities. The region’s panorama, aboriginal humans, beginners, railroads, and ongoing cross-border ties all challenged the governments’ efforts to create, colonize, and nationalize the Alberta-Montana borderlands. the road Which Separates makes an immense and necessary comparability among American and Canadian govt regulations and attitudes concerning race, gender, and homesteading. Federal visions of the West ordinarily and the borderlands specifically rested on overlapping units of assumptions approximately house, race, and gender; those self same assumptions will be used to craft the rules that have been purported to flip nationwide visions into neighborhood realities. the expansion of a white girl inhabitants within the area, which must have “whitened” and “easternized” the quarter, in simple terms served to complicate rising different types. either governments labored difficult to implement the traces that have been alleged to separate "good" land from "bad," whites from aboriginals, varied teams of newbies from one another, and women's roles from men's roles. The traces and different types they trusted have been used to differentiate each one West, and therefore every one country, from the opposite. Drawing on quite a number resources, from govt maps and reviews to oral testimony and private papers, the road Which Separates explores the asymmetric approach during which the borderlands have been superimposed on Blackfoot kingdom on the way to divide a formerly cohesive area within the past due 19th century. (20070321)

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Additional resources for The Line Which Separates: Race, Gender, And The Making Of The Alberta- Montana Borderlands (Race and Ethnicity in the American West Series)

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V, where Turtle Mountain is described as “Heavily Wooded,” different creeks and rivers are also described as “wooded,” and “Timber” is noted next to several small lakes. This map is the first to show a “Half Breed Road,” one which runs from Mouse River north and east toward Woody Mountain. With the use of firm lines and faint ones, large text and small, these maps were meant to be bold statements about the West’s place in the national political economy. 5999 ——— Normal Pa * PgEnds: Ej [25], (25) “Map of Part of the North West Territory, Including the Province of Manitoba, Exhibiting the several Tracts of Country Ceded by the Indian Treaties 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, To accompany Report of Hon.

Captain Cameron was a Scottish-born officer in the Royal Artillery and was recommended for the post by the Canadian prime minister John A. Macdonald. Cameron had married Emma Tupper, daughter of Charles Tupper (former Nova Scotia premier, then a cabinet member in Macdonald’s government), in 1869 while stationed in Halifax. He had also been aide-de-camp to Lieutenant Governor William McDougall of Manitoba during the Riel Rebellion of 1869. 0pt Pg ——— Normal Pa PgEnds: TE [7], (7) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Campbell had been the chief commissioner of the 1857–61 survey of the forty-ninth parallel from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, had many years of civil engineering experience on surveys in the southern and eastern United States, and was more than twenty years older than Cameron.

The two groups cut a thirtyfoot gap through the few sections of the border that had sufficient tree cover, thus creating an empty space to create a border. Most of the eight hundred miles they covered did not have enough trees for this method, so they built large mounds of rocks or earth instead. At the eastern end of the border, they built the mounds one mile apart because the region was more heavily populated. Across the western side they built the mounds three miles apart because there weren’t enough white people to justify the work involved in building them closer together.

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