Download The Japanese Language by Haruhiko Kindaichi PDF

By Haruhiko Kindaichi

The connection of eastern to different languages isn't really good understood even via local audio system, and, in The jap Language, Professor Kindaichi units out to ascertain this. He concludes that jap is certainly simply remotely regarding different global languages, even though it has many beneficial properties in universal with the languages of so-called primitive societies.
After a short dialogue at the distinct isolation of the japanese language, the writer considers the kinds of usual speech and the variations among casual, formal and literary language. those examinations, and the various others supplied, can be worthwhile to a person attracted to the mysteries of the japanese language.

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Additional resources for The Japanese Language

Sample text

It is strongly preferred over absolutive marking for first and second person direct objects, and is in fact obligatory for many speakers in past monotransitive sentences, which accounts for the gaps mentioned above. We fill these gaps with data from de Yrizar (1992b) (see previous paragraph for specific page numbers), which contains full indicative paradigms for the three dialects. 9 Forms taken from this source are in italics in the tables in Appendix A. A related issue has to do with cases where a given source includes more than one form for a given paradigm cell.

A related issue has to do with cases where a given source includes more than one form for a given paradigm cell. For the sake of uniformity, we have provided only one form for each paradigm cell in Appendix A. At several points in Chaps. 3 and 5, we note any variation found in these sources, as well as a sketch of how our analysis can account this variation. After each Basque example in this book, we give the name of the dialect it belongs to, as well as the source (unless the data was obtained from our own fieldwork).

While this work also distinguishes between the glide w and the vowel u, we only use the latter. Hualde et al. (1994) is also systematic in representing pitch accents using different diacritics, but these have been eliminated in our examples. These adaptations are due to standard conventions in representing local dialects, and do not affect any of the main claims made here. On the other hand, Hualde et al. (1994) is somewhat inconsistent in writing palatalized t in auxiliaries. Most of them are spelled with tt, which is more faithful to the speech of older speakers, but a few are spelled with tx, which is characteristic of younger speakers.

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