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By Steven C. Hahn

Drawing on archaeological proof and often-neglected Spanish resource fabric, The Invention of the Creek state, 1670–1763 explores the political historical past of the Creek Indians of Georgia and Alabama and the emergence of the Creek kingdom through the colonial period within the American Southeast. partially a learn of Creek overseas kin, this ebook examines the production and alertness of the “neutrality” policy—defined right here because the Coweta solution of 1718—for which the Creeks have lengthy been recognized, in an period marked by way of the imperial fight for the yank South.

Also a examine of the tradition of inner Creek politics, this paintings indicates the endurance of a “traditional” kinship-based political approach during which city and extended family association remained supremely very important. those traditions, coupled with political intrusions by means of the region’s 3 eu powers, promoted the unfold of Creek factionalism and mitigated the improvement of a nearby Creek Confederacy. yet whereas traditions persisted, the fight to keep up territorial integrity opposed to Britain additionally promoted political innovation. during this context the territorially outlined Creek country emerged as a felony notion within the period of the French and Indian struggle, as imperial guidelines of an past period gave method to the territorial politics that marked the start of a brand new one.


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60 This is not to say, however, that the alliance with the English and Westos came to naught. To the contrary, evidence suggests that the Cowetas remained in continual contact with the well-armed Westos, who may have begun living periodically in Coweta and other Chattahoochee villages. As the Westos’ principal allies, the Cowetas were able to use the relationship to their advantage and turned Westo firepower against groups farther south that continued to entertain Spanish invitations to become a part of the mission system.

81 The Apalachicolas, however, did very little to assist Matheos and later admitted that they had fled their towns, hid the English traders, and “pleaded ignorance” as to their whereabouts. 82 In retaliation, Matheos burned the four “most guilty” towns, an act that caused a generations-long breach between the Apalachicolas and Spain. Though Matheos appeared capable of discriminating between the “most guilty” and the “less guilty” towns, it should be emphasized that the entire Apalachicola province was complicit in welcoming the English traders and thwarting Matheos’s attempts to catch them.

Who should oversee the building of public structures? In short, how could the interests of the many be harmonized? Given the need to solve such important problems, it should come as no surprise that the historic “Creek” culture that emerged from this revolutionary period was tailored to solve the kinds of social and political problems that coalescent peoples faced. In the process, the ancestral Creeks created new rituals, new beliefs, and new social forms. 0pt PgV ——— Normal Page PgEnds: TEX [19], (10) 20 • tall coweta to say, however, that the emergent Creek culture was entirely unrelated to the Mississippian culture that preceded it.

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