Download The Indian Ocean in World History (Themes in World History) by Milo Kearney PDF

By Milo Kearney

All through heritage, dominance of the Indian Ocean has been a serious consider defining a nation's supremacy and tool. it's popular that it performed a massive half within the good fortune of the Portugese state at first of the 16th century. during this concise survey, Milo Kearney indicates how the buying and selling and imperial enlargement provided through the Indian Ocean have been exploited through many major powers from the 3rd millennium BC to the very fresh prior. The countries incorporated diversity from the traditional Egyptians of the recent state to the Han chinese language and, later, from the Moghul to the British Empire. Milo Kearney is going directly to express what a severe territory the Indian Ocean used to be throughout the chilly struggle due to its wealthy offer for oil. The background of the Indian Ocean presents a photograph of some of the key concerns in global heritage, equivalent to colonialism, alternate and unfold of cultures and religions. it will be significant studying for all scholars of worldwide heritage.

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The old trade to Punt (Somalia) was 26 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 2 3 44111 The earliest leadership in Indian Ocean trade restored, and Sinai copper mines were exploited. Sheba’s sphere of interest extended into Ethiopia, and southern Arabians (along with migrants from western India) followed the trade route to settle along the east coast of Africa at some point during the first millennium BC. There the Arabians intermarried with the natives, and handled the export of ivory and slaves.

However, before he could march, he was assassinated, leaving the task to his son Alexandros (Alexander the Great). Alexandros moved his army on a beeline path for Egypt. His 180-ship fleet was not sufficiently strong to challenge the new Persian fleet of about 400, and so he had to rely on success by land. His advance was distinguished by one military victory after another, from Granicus through Issus and Tyre to possession of Egypt. Only after this goal had been attained did Alexander in 331 BC turn his troops to take Mesopotamia, the Iranian Plateau, and the Indus Valley.

Asoka also patronized great Buddhist architecture and art. Stupa reliquary shrines were erected, great sandstonedomed mounds symbolizing Mount Meru, center of the world. His encouragement of Buddhism, along with the development of a Sanskrit script, gave a boost to the Buddhist merchant class. The literary epic, the 38 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 2 3 44111 Early northern Mediterranean and Chinese influence Panchatantra (‘The Five Senses’), of the fourth or third century BC, reflects a renewed criticism of traditional Hinduism by the reinvigorated middle class.

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