By M. A. Smirnova
Read Online or Download The Hausa Language (Languages of Asia and Africa vol. 5) PDF
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Extra info for The Hausa Language (Languages of Asia and Africa vol. 5)
Magina It is much more difficult to lay down rules for the forma tion of the plural of nouns morphologically less well defined than those collected under the above four headings. It can for example be said that concrete feminine nouns ending in the singular in -ya make their plural forms on the pattern of: hanya = road, pi. hanyoyi rijiya = well, pi. rijiyoyi But akuya = goat, for example, a word belonging to this type, 35 Chapter 3 has, in addition to its 'regular' plural plural form akuyoyi, a second awakai, which is in fact more frequently used.
In addition to the simple (one-word) verbs, Hausa has com pound verbs which are stable couplings of the verbs do and ji • to feel with various nouns: yi = to 54 Chapter 3 yi hushi = to get angry (hushi • anger) yi dariya = to laugh (dariya = laughter) yi murna = to rejoice (murna = joy) yi girma = to grow up (girma = growth) yi wata = to sing (waka • song) yi ƙoƙari = to try (Hokari = effort) ji tsoro = to fear (tsoro = fear) ji tausayi = to grieve (tausayi = sorrow) The verbal noun of such compound verbs is formed by giving the verbal component the construct state marker: yi murna = to rejoice - yin murna ji tsoro = to fear - jin tsoro Hausa has eight aspectual-temporal forms, markers for which are provided by positional (adverbal) pronouns.
Here it is enough to point out that deverbatives can fulfil all the functions of primary nouns in the sentence, as one might expect from their lexical content. Nouns have the two grammatical categories of gender and number. Hausa has two genders: masculine and feminine. ) (3) the names of the days of the week, irrespective of final (4) the word mace = woman. 31 Chapter 3 Masculine in gender are: (1) almost all nouns not ending in -a gado = inheritance baki = mouth kamus » dictionary (2) some words ending in -a ruwa = water gida = house kara = stem, stalk wata = moon guga = bucket, etc.