By Timo Casjen Mahn, Mario Negre, Stephan Klingebiel, Timo Mahn
This edited quantity presents an evaluation of an more and more fragmented relief approach. improvement cooperation is essentially altering its personality within the wake of world monetary and political differences and an ongoing debate approximately what constitutes, and the way top to accomplish, worldwide improvement. This additionally has vital implications for the setup of the help structure. The expanding variety of donors and different actors in addition to pursuits and tools has created an atmosphere that's more and more tricky to manoeuvre. Critics describe present day reduction structure as 'fragmented': inefficient, overly advanced and inflexible in adapting to the dynamic panorama of overseas cooperation. through analysing the activities of donors and new improvement actors, this ebook offers vital insights into how and why the help structure has moved during this course. The members additionally talk about the linked expenditures, but in addition power advantages of a various relief approach, and supply a few concrete techniques for how forward.
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Extra resources for The Fragmentation of Aid: Concepts, Measurements and Implications for Development Cooperation
Each aid provider has its own priorities, values and set of norms that underpin its development co-operation policy and its strategic allocation of official resources for development. These can be motivated by a focus on poverty alleviation, historical ties, geographical proximity, economic interests, global peace and security issues, and/or climate change and other environmental considerations. More recently, providers have also been attentive to enhancing the catalytic role of ODA to maximise resource mobilisation and its effectiveness.
This applies first and foremost to more advanced countries (middle-income countries), which are now only dependent to a small extent on aid. Poor countries (low-income countries or least-developed countries) are also receiving more private finance, although this has not yet outstripped public flows in terms of volume. 6 Second, developing countries on the whole are becoming increasingly less reliant on ODA contributions. Over 50 countries have been removed from the recipient list in the last 40 years, due primarily to a process of graduation whereby developing countries increased their GDP per capita and moved up into the next income group (Sedemund 2014).
As new donors, dynamic middle income countries such as China, India and Brazil are of great interest in political and academic debates, given the considerable momentum they generate and the political implications of their involvement (see Chap. 9 by Bracho and Grimm in this book). Their cooperation with other developing countries is described as South-South cooperation, more horizontal cooperation relationships than traditional vertical FRAGMENTATION: A KEY CONCEPT FOR DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION 7 cooperation between North and South.