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By David W. Miller

Among the payment of the Pilgrims in New England in 1620 and the 1850s, local Indians have been compelled to maneuver west of the Mississippi River. within the strategy they surrendered, typically reluctantly, their claims to 412,000 sq. miles of land east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River and the Mason-Dixon Line. counting on the phrases of these concerned and pertinent records, this examine offers perception into the strategies and attitudes of these not easy the flow and the efforts of the Indians to stay. The adjustments in governmental regulations that happened as a result progressive battle are famous as is the incremental weakening of the Indians because the avalanche of settlers moved west.

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Additional resources for The Forced Removal of American Indians from the Northeast: A History of Territorial Cessions and Relocations, 1620-1854

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In September 1676 Massachusetts recognized that the war was over when it hung two Englishmen for murdering six Praying Indians. A few months earlier they might have escaped with minor punishment. Massachusetts declared 30 The Forced Removal of American Indians from the Northeast a day of thanksgiving in October 1676, stating, “Of those severall tribes & parties that have hitherto risen up against us ... ”30 Statistical facts relating to the war are that one-half of the 90 towns in New England were assaulted, 1,200 homes burned, 8,000 cattle slain, and out of a white population of 52,000 there were 800 English deaths, a death rate greater than that of the Civil War.

8 Massachusetts responded with a statement of October 28, 1642, delivered to the Gortonoges asserting that land disputes based on a “pretence of a ... 9 Since all settlers on Narragansett land at that time based their settlements on cessions from the Narragansetts, all were threatened by this assertion of jurisdiction. In a show of independence the Narragansetts, in January 1643, sold a large piece of land just south of Providence, all of which was then called Shawomet and later Warwick, to the followers of Gorton.

However, the Iroquois refused to cut off contact with the French, and there were groups within the Five Nations desirous of dealing with them. To keep those on the frontier from fleeing in March 1695 Massachusetts passed a law forbidding frontier residents from moving without permission. 31 The European peace settlement in 1697 (Treaty of Ryswick) did not end the French– English competition for the fur trade, nor the war between the Iroquois and the tribes allied with the French, which wanted to gain access to trading with the English at Albany.

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