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By Lynn S. Kimsey, Richard M. Bohart

The starting to be box of conservation biology has positioned a brand new worth on cataloging the Earth's residing creatures, whilst a lot of them face extinction. within the first systematic revision of the Chrysidid wasp kinfolk due to the fact 1889, the authors current a global review of this colourful workforce. a few 3,000 legitimate species were named and are prepared in eighty four genera and 4 sub-families. This finished therapy provides a reclassification of the conventional and better taxa. additionally it is a precis of formerly released details, indicated difficulties short of extra learn, and precise synonomic species lists for every genus. Discussions for every tribe and sub-family contain ancestral features, phylogenetically very important characters and a corresponding cladogram, keys to genera, and relationships between taxa.

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Zoogeographic regions. Cuba shows more affinities with North America than with Middle or South America, so we are treating it as part of the Nearctic Region. We use the term Afrotropical for the Ethiopian Region as it more clearly describes this area. In addition, the chrysidid faunas of Ethiopia and most of Somalia show the closest affinities to the Palaearctic, even though chrysidids in the area known as Eritrea, along the coast of Ethiopia, show a relationship with other Afrotropical species.

LS6b). Throughout the Chrysididae the volsella is divided at the base into a slender digitus and cuspis. In some elampine genera, including Minymischa (Fig. 72e) and Muesebeckidium (Fig. 74/), the volsella is undivided, or the digitus has been lost secondarily. Parnopines have a broad, undivided, membranous volsella (Fig. lS6b). The structure of the volsella is one feature that immediately separates cleptines from other chrysidids. In the Cleptinae the digitus is located medially or subapically on the cuspis, as it is in Bethylidae and most other aculeates (Figs 12f and 14e).

Spintharosoma, Parachrum, and Odontochrydium occur only in southern Africa. Four genera are restricted to the area extending from North Africa and the Middle East to southern USSR, including Haba, Prochridium, A llochrysis , and Adelopyga. There is only one endemic genus, Gaullea, in South America, and it occurs in the arid thorn scrub of Argentina. The Amiseginae includes many small and seemingly endemic genera. Much of this apparent endemicity may be due to limited and incomplete collecting, rather than restricted host distribution.

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