Download The Challenge of Military Reform in Postcommunist Europe: by Anthony Forster, Timothy Edmunds, Andrew Cottey PDF

By Anthony Forster, Timothy Edmunds, Andrew Cottey

This significant comparative examine examines the demanding situations confronted by means of international locations of postcommunist Europe in reforming and professionalizing their militia. It explores how the interplay of the typical demanding situations of postcommunism and the various situations of person international locations form professionalization procedures during this altering quarter. The particular kingdom case stories during this quantity, written by means of major specialists to a standard analytical framework, evaluate the studies of Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Croatia, FRY, Russia, and Ukraine.

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Extra info for The Challenge of Military Reform in Postcommunist Europe: Building Professional Armed Forces

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33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. Paul Latawski 33 45. Interview of the Polish Defence Minister, Komorowski, Polish news agency PAP (22 June 2000). 46. W. Modzelewski, Pacyfizm w Polsce (Warsaw: PAN-ISP, 1996), 42. 47. Report of Polish news agency PAP (3 November 1998). 48. Interview of the Polish Minister of Defence, Komorowski, Polish Radio 1, Warsaw (19 March 2001), BBC Mon EU1 EuroPol afr. 49. ’, Gazeta Wyborcza (28–29 May 1997), in FBIS-EEU-97-153. ´ Rzeczpospolita (22 May 1998).

To a considerable degree, the military functioned as a social institution that provided a professional career that was neither lucrative nor prestigious, but guaranteed stability and social security from recruitment to retirement. The personnel system of the Czechoslovak armed forces traditionally differentiated between planning and executive units, and this has caused frequent problems in respect of the number of soldiers needed for specific positions. While the performance of Czech soldiers on foreign missions has shown that communist-era training was not completely without merit, it has become increasingly clear in recent 38 The Challenge of Military Reform in Postcommunist Europe years that the existing personnel system is unable to deal adequately with recruitment, training and retention of military professionals in the NATO context.

The aim of the Programme for Modernisation was to redirect resources to investment in new equipment. 26 Komorowski was clearly intent that the new plan would not succumb to vested interests in the armed forces or Poland’s electoral cycle. 27 The Programme for Modernisation for the armed forces reshapes the force structure in line with wider European trends towards smaller but better equipped formations. 30 The Programme for Modernisation in most respects is a more radical version of the previous Plan 2012, though it takes better into account the shift in NATO towards more flexible and mobile forces.

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