By David Crystal
Infrequently has a booklet so full of actual and good researched authentic details been so commonly learn and popularly acclaimed. This moment version of The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language has been totally revised for a brand new iteration of language-lovers. The ebook is longer and contains wide new fabric on international English and net English, as well as thoroughly up to date information, extra interpreting feedback and different references. First variation Hb (1995): 0-521-40179-8 First version Pb (1997): 0-521-59655-6 David Crystal is a number one authority on language, and writer of many books, together with so much lately Shakespeare's phrases (Penguin, 2002), Language and the web (Cambridge, 2001) and Language demise (Cambridge, 2000). An the world over popular author, magazine editor, lecturer and broadcaster, he bought an Order of the British Empire in 1995 for his providers to the English language.
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Additional info for The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language
Fashion, therefore, as an integral part of social mores, may accelerate the process of standardization. Unlike K, many of whose advocates actually saw it as an extension of AG, the official language of Greece today is not a parasite depending on AG for its existence: it is an autonomous language (just as traditional demotic was in its day) which is nevertheless free to use the resources of vocabulary provided by the ancient language. This is not to say, however, that all Greeks are satisfied with the linguistic situation that prevails today.
The following are examples of this phenomenon. σοκάκι σόκ ζέστη ξελέ 'alley' 'shock' 'heat' 'jelly' ( < T sokak) ( < F choc) ( < AG ξέω) ( There seem in fact to be two chief criteria which a standard language has to fulfil; codification (minimal variation in form) and elaboration (maximal variation in function) (Haugen 1966: 107). As far as the second of these is concerned, 'the definitive seal of approval as a fully recognized standard is dependent on the use of a language in two functions: fully official (governmental) and bellettristic' (Hall 1972: 150). Since SMG began to be used for all official purposes as recently as 1976, one cannot expect 14 THE M O D E R N GREEK LANGUAGE it to be totally standardized; codification will gradually come about as Greeks become more and more accustomed to using it for every form of communication.
There seem in fact to be two chief criteria which a standard language has to fulfil; codification (minimal variation in form) and elaboration (maximal variation in function) (Haugen 1966: 107). As far as the second of these is concerned, 'the definitive seal of approval as a fully recognized standard is dependent on the use of a language in two functions: fully official (governmental) and bellettristic' (Hall 1972: 150). Since SMG began to be used for all official purposes as recently as 1976, one cannot expect 14 THE M O D E R N GREEK LANGUAGE it to be totally standardized; codification will gradually come about as Greeks become more and more accustomed to using it for every form of communication.