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By Hugh Driver

A mine of knowledge, drawing on a magnificent variety of documents. it's going to develop into a tremendous aspect of reference. ENGLISH historic evaluation This publication goals to illustrate how the trouble glaring in British army aviation within the early years of the 1st international battle used to be inherent within the whole improvement of aviation within the years previous the clash. After outlining the paintings of the early pioneers and the expansion of an aviation as a department of armaments, Dr driving force considers the targets of the struggle place of work in more and more looking to divert layout improvement to their examine institution at Farnborough. He indicates how the consequent digital country monopoly in layout and procurement had disastrous results for plane innovation and improvement, suffocating either festival and initiative, and resulting in the upkeep of insufficient plane by way of the Royal Flying Corps following the outbreak of conflict. the continued dispute and its fruits within the `Fokker Scourge' controversy of 1915-1916 graphically characterise the strained improvement of military-industrial kinfolk during this sector.

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Balloon transport c. 1889, incorporating balloon and equipment wagons, and gas cylinder wagons. 16. Colonel J. E. Capper directs the Balloon Sections' training, c. 1904. 17a. John Duncan Bertie Fulton RFA, photographed in November 1910. 17b. George Bertram Cockburn, photographed in April 1910. 17c. Lt. Reginald Archibald Cammell RE. 18. p. (Renault) Royal Aircraft Factory BE2. 19. Mervyn O'Gorman, Superintendent of the Royal Aircraft Factory, Farnborough, 1909-16. Page 1 1 Technological and Entrepreneurial Background The New Age The opening decade of the twentieth century, the Edwardian period, tends to be viewed in retrospect as the end of an era; yet the actual evidence of the period seems to suggest that the opposite was true, that contemporaries actually viewed 'their' era (so far as they were conscious of living in a definable era) as being the beginning of a new age, the almost discernible dawn of a new epoch.

He built the first of his experimental motor cars the first British four-wheel petrol-driven car in 1895, and a Lanchester Engine Company was formed four years later. Among its directors were the Pugh brothers, Charles and John, the founders of the Whitworth (later Rudge-Whitworth) Cycle Company. Lanchester realised that profitable vehicle manufacture depended upon improved production methods and that the production of standardised and interchangeable components would secure maximum output at minimum costs.

These trends found their most immediate expression in the expansion of the tabloid press, which improved communications had so transformed that London daily papers became national daily papers. 5 This was evident in the Northcliffe Press's fervent adoption of the cause of automobiling, which had become firmly established in western society by the advent of the First World War and which perhaps most obviously symbolises the technological growth of this period. What began as a trickle of custom made designs for the wealthy and sporting was revolutionised between 1907 and 1913 with Henry Ford's refinement of the assembly line method of production in his Detroit factory.

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