By Todd Leahy, Raymond Wilson
Local americans within the usa, just like different indigenous humans, created political, fiscal, and social hobbies to satisfy and comply with significant alterations that impacted their cultures. for hundreds of years, local american citizens handled the onslaught of non-Indian land claims, the appropriation in their homelands, and the destruction in their methods of lifestyles. via a number of routine, local americans accredited, rejected, or accommodated themselves to the non-traditional worldviews of the colonizers and their policies.The A to Z of local American Movements—through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, a bibliography, and hundreds of thousands of cross-referenced dictionary entries on vital individuals, areas, occasions, and associations and important political, fiscal, social, and cultural aspects—is an invaluable reference on themes facing key activities, organisations, management innovations, and the key concerns local american citizens have faced.
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Additional info for The A to Z of Native American Movements (The A to Z Guide Series)
1974 Women of All Red Nations is founded. The Indian Finance Act is passed. 1975 The Council of Energy Resource Tribes is formed. Leonard Peltier is convicted of shooting two FBI agents on the Pine Ridge Reservation. The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act is passed. 1977 The American Indian Policy Review Commission Report is submitted to Congress. , takes place. Congress approves the American Indian Religious Freedom Act. The Indian Child Welfare Act is passed. Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe weakens tribal jurisdiction over non-Indians on reservations.
AMERICA BEFORE COLUMBUS Although many Indian people believe otherwise, archaeological, dental, biological, floral, and faunal evidence supports the idea of a link between Asia and America. If people inhabited North America all along, then certainly they would have left some evidence that predated the retreat at the Last Glacial Maxim. A reading of recent and historical anthropological literature simply does not reveal any evidence of a human presence in North America prior to the Last Glacial Maxim.
Tecumseh’s time among the Creeks accelerated a growing rift in the tribe that would result in a Creek civil war known as the Red Stick War, which spiraled out of control when the Americans became involved. Assisted by Creeks, Choctaws, and Cherokees, the Americans attacked the Red Sticks at every opportunity, The war came to end in March 1814, when General Andrew Jackson led a well-armed force against the Red Sticks at Horseshoe Bend. While Indians along the Missouri River and in the interior of the American West met their first Americans, Indians in the East struggled to make sense of a world where they were increasingly surrounded by whites.