Download Telicity in the Second Language (Language Acquisition and by Roumyana Slabakova PDF

By Roumyana Slabakova

This article seems to be on the topic of telicity within the moment language, and comprises such issues as: aspectual differences; theories of entry to UG; aspectual semantics; the aspect-related buildings; and primary language acquisition learn on point.

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Additional info for Telicity in the Second Language (Language Acquisition and Language Disorders)

Example text

In this section we will elaborate on situation aspect, or “Aktionsart” (from the German kind of action). In English, aspectual class is rarely signalled by aspectual morphemes. It is a semantic property which depends on the meaning of the verb, but also on its combination with its arguments and adverbial phrases, as noticed by Verkuyl (1972). That is, aspectual class is a compositional property. An event can either have the potential of continuing indefinitely, or it may have an inherent, natural boundary or limit, after which it cannot continue to change.

Moving slowly but inexorably, the iceberg took several minutes to pierce the ship’s hull to this depth. It should be noted, however, that at least in examples (i) and (ii) above, the subjects are what is traditionally known as D-Structure objects. Thus, Dowty’s argument is based only on sentence (iii), which is not entirely straightforward. Semantic and syntactic treatments of telicity proposal that it is the internal argument that measures out the event can be tested with the adverbial halfway.

47) a. I cut the bread hot. b. I ate the meat raw. The sentences in (46) can only mean that, as a result of my watering, the tulips are now lying flat, and as a result of my cutting, the bread is now sliced thin. The sentences in (47) cannot mean that as a result of my cutting, the bread is now hot, and as a result of my eating, the meat became raw. They can only describe the state of the bread and the meat during the processes of cutting and eating. The most important syntactic distinction between resultatives and depictives is that resultatives cannot be predicated of the subject, while depictives can be predicated of the subject and the object.

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