By I Nyoman Aryawibawa
This booklet offers a special viewpoint in relation with recommendations appropriate to specify spatial family. My empirical and experimental investigations of Rongga, Balinese, and Indonesian confirmed that the concept that expectedness governs using topological prepositions within the languages. Non-topologically, it has lengthy been claimed relative body of reference is common. My non-topological relation research even though published that Rongga and Balinese use a landmark method, whereas Indonesian practices the relative approach. This publication will be priceless for Linguistics scholars or researchers who're attracted to spatial semantics and the purchase of spatial relatives. because the booklet additionally discusses the meanings of spatial kinfolk throughout languages it may even be precious for someone who's attracted to translation.
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Extra info for Spatial Reference: Some Empirical and Experimental Evidence in Rongga, Balinese, and Indonesian
Herskovits (1986: 154) claims that the fact that the truck is seen as an obstacle cannot be inferred from its location and our world knowledge of trucks and road. I again disagree with her. Instead, I argue that the truck being an obstacle can indeed be related to its location and our knowledge of the truck and the road. , the trucks commonly function on the road. The reason why There is a 24 truck in the road is also possible is because in that situation the truck does not perform its normal function, hence is understood as an obstacle.
Ja’o le he kau bholo ko R I part remember you very part “I remember you very well”. (Rongga grammar book by Arka et al. 2007) rage-e inget sajan ajak I-the remember very with “I remember you very well”. aku ingat sekali dengan I remember very with “I remember yor very well”. awak-e you-t B kamu you I The adverb of manner which is commonly formed by combining a preposition and an adjective, especially when it occurs with an intransitive verb, follows a verb in Rongga and Indonesian. In Balinese, however, no preposition is needed before an adjective.
Rongga grammar book by Arka et al. 2007) rage-e inget sajan ajak I-the remember very with “I remember you very well”. aku ingat sekali dengan I remember very with “I remember yor very well”. awak-e you-t B kamu you I The adverb of manner which is commonly formed by combining a preposition and an adjective, especially when it occurs with an intransitive verb, follows a verb in Rongga and Indonesian. In Balinese, however, no preposition is needed before an adjective. In 49 this case, the Balinese adjective can function as an adverb as can be seen in examples in 15.