By Joan Johnson-Freese
This ebook examines the hot shift in US house coverage and the forces that regularly draw the USA again right into a space-technology safeguard challenge.
The dual-use nature of the majority of house expertise, which means of worth to either civilian and armed forces groups and being not able to distinguish offensive from shielding reason of army undefined, makes area a space quite ripe for a safety limitation. not like prior administrations, the Obama management has pursued a much less militaristic area coverage, in its place applying a strategic restraint process that under pressure multilateral international relations to area demanding situations. The latter required foreign recommendations and the U.S., in this case, even voiced aid for a world Code of behavior for house. That coverage held until eventually the chinese language anti-satellite (ASAT) attempt in 2013, which established elevated chinese language services. This quantity explores the problems bobbing up from evolving area services internationally and the safety demanding situations this poses. It thus discusses the complexity of the distance surroundings and argues that each one instruments of nationwide strength needs to be used, with a point of stability, towards addressing house demanding situations and reaching area goals.
This ebook can be of a lot curiosity to scholars of area coverage, defence reports, international coverage, defense experiences and IR.
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Additional resources for Space Warfare in the 21st Century: Arming the Heavens
127–8. 36 Antony Barnett, “US planned one big nuclear blast for all mankind,” The Guardian, May 14, 2000. com/science/2000/may/14/spaceexploration. theobserver 37 Nancy Gallagher and John D. Steinbruner, Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security, American Academy of Arts & Sciences, Cambridge, MA, 2008, p. 11. 38 Cited in Robert D. Kaplan, “What Rumsfeld got right,” The Atlantic, July/August 2008. com/magazine/archive/2008/07/what-rumsfeld-got-right/306870/ 39 Mike Moore, Twilight War: The Folly of US Space Dominance, The Independent Institute, Oakland, CA, 2008, Chapter 2, “Full spectrum dominance,” pp.
With the Cold War over and America enjoying its unipolar moment, primacy, with its emphasis on preserving America’s hegemonic status for the good of America and assumedly the rest of the world, began to emerge, reaching its pinnacle during the George W. Bush years. Space dominance rhetoric prevailed during the Bush Administration when “transformation” and “transformational” were the buzzwords used to describe every military program seeking Pentagon support for funding. Transformation, meaning use of technology to enable capability leaps, was Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld’s preferred approach to war.
P. 4. 86 David Finkleman, “New insights into the stability of the space debris environment,” Paper presented at the 65th International Astronautical Congress, Toronto, Canada, September 29–October 3, 2014. 87 Point Paper on the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Capitol Hill Roundtable, “Space-based sensors: missile defense and more,” July 14, 2015. pdf. Figures on debris added to LEO sometimes vary accordingly to methodologies regarding what is counted. See also: T. S. Kelso, “Analysis of the 2007 Chinese ASAT test and the impact of its debris on the space environment,” AMOS Conference, Maui, Hawaii, 2007.