By Ronald S. Burt, Karen Cook, Nan Lin
Social capital, as a counterpoint idea to human capital, analyzes the creation, funding and returns of the weather or assets embedded in social buildings and networks instead of in contributors. Social Capital: concept and study gains the investigations of a few of the major students on social capital from the social community viewpoint and gives a discussion board for his or her ongoing learn courses. The individuals to this quantity boost theoretical formulations and methodological ideas; learn the importance of social capital within the exertions marketplace; and make clear the application of the concept that in several organizational, neighborhood, and institutional settings. Drawing on their study within the US, Canada, the Netherlands, Hungary, mainland China and Taiwan, those students jointly show how their paintings could be fruitfully built-in in learning social capital, and supply exemplary and leading edge ways to increase our knowing of the way capitalization of social components yields instrumental and expressive returns.
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Additional resources for Social Capital: Theory and Research (Sociology and Economics)
New York: Cambridge University Press. Lin, Nan, and Yaiijie Bian. 1991. fSociology 97(3):657-88, 3. Lin, Nan, and Mary Dumin. 1986. ” Sacial Net iuorlts 8:365- 85. 28 Building a Network Theory of Social Capital Lin, Naii, Walter M. Ensel, and John C. Vaughn. 1981. ’’ Airicricnrz Sociologicnl Rezlicro 46(4):393-405, 4. Lin, Naii, Yang-chih FLI,and Ray-may Hsung. 1998. ’’ Social Networks and Social Capital. Duke University, November. Marsden, Peter V. 1987. ” Aiiicricnjz Sociologicnl Riiuiw 52:122-31.
The network around Tames is slightly more constrained than average (C = 31). Association between performance and network constraint is a critical test for the two leading network mechanisms argued to provide social capital. More constrained networks span fewer structural holes, which means less social capital according to the hole argument. r f networks t h t span strtictliral holes are the source of social capital, then perforiizaizce shozild h w e IZ rzegatizv association w i t h network constraint.
Thus, it needs to propose a causal sequence in which embedded resources constrain and enable individual choices and actions. The general expectation is that the better the accessible embedded resources, the more embedded resources can and will be mobilized in purposive actions by an individual. The more intriguing question is why, given the 22 Building a Network Theory of Social Capital same level of accessible embedded resources, some individuals mobilize better resources than others. One contingency may be the network location.