By Wallis Reid (Ed.), Ricardo Otheguy (Ed.), Nancy Stern (Ed.)
This is often the second one quantity of papers on sign-based linguistics to emerge from Columbia university linguistics meetings. One set of articles bargains semantic analyses of grammatical gains of particular languages: English full-verb inversion; Serbo-Croatian deictic pronouns; English auxiliary do; Italian pronouns egli and lui; the Celtic-influenced use of on (e.g., "he performed a trick on me"); a monosemic research of the English verb holiday. A moment set bargains with common theoretical matters: an answer to the matter that noun category markers (e.g. Swahili) pose for sign-based linguistics; the appropriateness of statistical exams of importance in text-based research; the observe or the morpheme because the locus of paradigmatic inflectional switch; the novel effects of Saussure's anti-nomenclaturism for syntactic research; the way forward for "minimalist linguistics" in a maximalist international. a 3rd set explains phonotactic patterning when it comes to ease of articulation: aspirated and unaspirated cease consonants in Urdu; preliminary consonant clusters in additional than dozen languages. An creation highlights the theoretical and analytical issues of every article and their relation to the Columbia university framework. the gathering is appropriate to cognitive semanticists and functionalists in addition to these operating within the sign-based Jakobsonian and Guillaumist frameworks.
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Extra info for Signal, Meaning, and Message: Perspectives on Sign-based Linguistics
Trees and plants also form the model for the majority of metaphoric and metonymic extensions in the class. ) are interrelated in several ways: many terms fit with equal ease into more than one of these. My objective here is to suggest plausible avenues for semantic extensions; they need not be mutually exclusive. If a term fits into more than one category, it can also be regarded as well-entrenched within the semantic network of Class 3. From the category of trees and plants it is easy to derive the property of extendedness in one dimension (a property of 'ramrod', 'metal chain', and extended body parts of humans and animals).
30 E. CONTINI-MORAVA The above categories account for over 90% of the Class 7 nouns in the database. ). , kisutuo 'food received after a task has been completed'; kifabakazi 'Nandi flame tree'). Some are loanwords that had ki- as initial syllable, and so may have been placed in this class for phonological reasons. There is one set of apparent anomalies that deserves additional comment, however. This is a group of terms referring to large, dangerous animals or birds: kifaru 'rhinoceros', kiboko 'hippopotamus', kingugwa 'large spotted hyena', kipungu 'eagle', and kipanga 'Dickinson's falcon'.
Since there is no formal distinction between the "inherent" and "derived" NCMs or their associated concordial markers, this approach in effect sets up a series of homonymous NCMs. Although the inherent/derived-class analysis does solve some problems, others still remain. First, the term "derived class" has been used only for the diminutive and augmentative uses of the NCMs (NCM7-8 and 5-6 respectively). However, as pointed out above, the other NCMs can also be used productively, and derived nouns can be formed from adjective and verb stems as well as from noun stems.