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By Brigham D. Madsen

In January 1863 over 2 hundred Shoshoni males, ladies, and kids died at the banks of the endure River by the hands of volunteer squaddies from California. endure River used to be one of many biggest Indian massacres within the Trans-Mississippi West, but the bloodbath has long gone nearly left out because it happened in the course of a time whilst nationwide realization used to be keen on the Civil conflict, and the deaths of the Shoshoni Indians in a distant nook of the West was once of merely passing interest.  undergo River used to be the fruits of occasions from approximately twenty years of Indian-white interplay. The Shoshoni homelands encompassed a tremendous expanse of territory and have been traversed through the most paths of western shuttle, forcing Indian-white encounters. at the start pleasant and accommodating to white tourists within the 1840s, via the past due 1850s resentment soared one of the Indians as they have been killed and their meals shares have been fed on via emigrants and their farm animals. the method of white appropriation of Indian lands reached drawback proportions within the some distance West and nice Basin earlier than it did at the nice Plains. within the historiography of western Indians, few have liked the position of tribes inhabiting the areas of alongside the Oregon and California Trails. Madsen makes a compelling argument that precedents have been validated that have been repeatedly on next western Indian frontiers, providing a brand new view of early encounters within the Trans-Mississippi West. This distinctive narrative of the occasions and conflicts that culminated within the bloodbath continues to be the definitive account of this bloody bankruptcy in United States-Native American relations.

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The Mormon settlers played an important role as they swung from their policy of feeding rather than fighting the native inhabitants to exasperation and anger as the starving Indians raided their herds and killed their people. A year of treaty-making after the Bear River Massacre eventually brought some quiet and peace to Shoshoni country. Researching such a complex subject required visits to a number of libraries and historical centers whose staffs were very helpful in locating pertinent materials.

Researching such a complex subject required visits to a number of libraries and historical centers whose staffs were very helpful in locating pertinent materials. I am especially indebted to the following individuals for their assistance: Robert B. S. National Archives; Gary Domitz of the Idaho State University Library; Merle W. Wells and Larry Jones of the Idaho State Historical Society; Phillip I. Earl of the Nevada State Historical Society; Guy Louis Rocha of the Nevada State Archives; James L.

With an interest in the nation as well as the arid interior West, the Centennial Series will concern itself with how Utah fits in larger contexts. This will be so not only in the political or administrative sense, but in terms of responses to American themes such as individualism, violence, promotion and urban growth, resource utilization, and, in the case of Brigham Madsen's book, in relation to how Indians and Whites met. The applicability of the Utah Centennial Series' larger focus is clear in this study of conflict along the overland trails.

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