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By Robert Elgie, Sophia Moestrup

This edited assortment examines the politics of semi-presidential international locations within the Caucasus and primary Asia. Semi-presidentialism is the location the place there's either a at once elected fixed-term president and a chief minister and cupboard which are jointly accountable for the legislature. There are 4 nations with a semi-presidential structure during this zone - Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Kyrgyzstan. The authors introduce the idea that of semi-presidentialism, position the nations in a normal post-Soviet context, and examine them with Kazakhstan. They examine the connection among semi-presidentialism within the formal structure and the verticality of energy actually, discover the level to which semi-presidentialism has been accountable for the relative functionality of democracy in each one state, and chart the connection in the government either among the president, leading minister and ministers, and among the administrative and the legislature. <

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Extra resources for Semi-Presidentialism in the Caucasus and Central Asia

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This distinction allows president-parliamentary and premier-presidential countries to be identified reliably. This distinction is also fairly well correlated with stronger vs. weaker presidents. There may be good theoretical reasons that variation in presidential strength has a consequential effect on a range of political outcomes. Indeed, it is plausible that these effects may manifest themselves in both democracies and non-democracies, or at least in some competitive authoritarian regimes. Having established the basis of our thinking on semi-presidentialism and, hopefully, dispelled some common misconceptions about semipresidentialism, we turn now to the way in which we are approaching the study of semi-presidentialism in the Caucasus and Central Asia.

Org Moestrup, Sophia, and Gombosurengiin Ganzorig. 2007. Semi-presidentialism in Mongolia: Trade-offs between stability and governance. In Semi-presidentialism outside Europe, ed. Robert Elgie and Sophia Moestrup, 182–200. London: Routledge.  Shugart. 2010. Presidents, parties, prime ministers: How the separation of powers affects party organization and behavior. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sartori, Giovanni. 1997. Comparative constitutional engineering: An inquiry into structures, incentives and outcomes, 2nd ed.

Instead, we should identify institutional variation within semi-presidentialism and examine the consequences of such variation. To sum up, we understand semi-presidentialism purely taxonomically. This means that the set of countries with semi-presidential constitutions is very varied and is not confined to a small group of countries that have presidents with quite considerable powers. Given we think of semi-presidentialism taxonomically, this means that we can think of nondemocracies as being semi-presidential.

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