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By Joseph Needham

Technological know-how and Civilisation in China, quantity 7 half 1 is the 1st ebook within the ultimate quantity of this specific source. The chinese language tradition is the one tradition on the planet that has built systematic logical definitions and reflections by itself and at the foundation of a non-Indo-European language. Christoph Harbsmeier discusses the elemental good points of the classical chinese that made it an appropriate medium for technology in historical China, discussing intimately a variety of summary suggestions which are the most important for the advance of clinical discourse. there's precise emphasis at the conceptual heritage of logical terminology in old China, and on conventional chinese language perspectives all alone language. eventually the ebook presents an summary of the advance of logical mirrored image in historic China, first when it comes to the different types of arguments that have been deployed in old chinese language texts, after which when it comes to old chinese language theoretical issues with logical issues.

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Additional info for Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 7, The Social Background; Part 1, Language and Logic in Traditional China

Sample text

Ure ,ur la philosophic chinoilie iI. mond' dated +1715116, ed. en ('968), 1'1'. 12Gf. ) +,ni9; "e" \\'idmaier (1983), p. 36. lentzel dated 21Jauuary +'{)99; "ee \Vidmaier (1983), p. 36. ,.. language is diicusscd OU l'p. 45'}-2 ofthat work. Dec­ r far lnnh of 19t)8), LANGUAGE AND L O G I C Enrry grammars Seventecnth·ccntury concern with the Chinese language was dominated by specu· lation and hampered by lack of specific information.! But in +1703 the missionary Francisco Varo's (+1627 to +1687) Arlt de ta kngua mandarina was published in Canton.

In reality it represented a very serious effort to sort out the character and importance of the Chinese language before much was known about the language. And as ifall things conspired to prove this the: Primitive Tongue, we may observe how force­ ably Nature struggles to demonstrale so much. The vcry first expression we make oflife, at the very instant minute of our Births, is, as was touched on before. by uttering Ihe Chiniqut word ra. Which is not only the first but indeed the sole and only expression that Mankind from Nature canjustly lay claim unto.

Falmqvist, and J Cikoski. t My own book Aspects of Classical Chinese Syntax (1981) is an attempt to continue this lin� of detailed research by applying it to some logical particles in Classical Chinese. On the early history of Chinese syntax we hav� W. A. C. H. J Archaic Chinese (1962), lAte Han Chinese (1964), and the best of the series, his The Language ofthe Book ofSongs (1968). These provide a starting point for future research. For the post-Han period, remarkably many significam contributions are in Russian, written in the tradition ofA.

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