By Terance D. Miethe
Utilizing a number of information assets and strategies, this e-book provides a micro-historical research of the character of swap and balance in homicidal events over the years. With a spotlight at the homicidal scenario because the unit of study, it explores similarities and transformations within the context of murder for various social teams. research of over 400,000 U.S. homicides is supplemented through qualitative research of narrative bills of murder occasions to extra absolutely examine their constitution. Findings of homicidal events throughout varied time sessions and social teams are then thought of relating to their implications for criminological concept and public coverage.
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Extra info for Rethinking Homicide: Exploring the Structure and Process Underlying Deadly Situations
A wide assortment of offense characteristics have been identified as important features of violent criminal acts. , home, street). , structure) the likelihood of particular types of behavior within a situational context. Data Sources for Studying Homicide A wide variety of types of data have been used in previous homicide research to study crime trends and their situational elements. The primary data sources include newspaper accounts, court documents, mortality statistics, and police reports. Court records and newspaper accounts have been the major source for deriving homicide patterns in historical analyses (see Brearley 1932; Dykstra 1968; Lane 1997; McKanna 1997; Redfield 1880).
Of the possible offender attributes relevant to a situational analysis of homicide, those that are most widely investigated in previous empirical and theoretical studies are the offender’s sex, race, age, and income. This focus reflects the substantial differences in offending risks based on these particular characteristics. Homicide offenders in the United States are about nine times more likely to be male than female, and African Americans, 13:34 P1: FCH/FFX 0521832993c01 P2: FCH/FFX QC: FCH/FFX CB617-Miethe-v1 T1: FCH 12 November 1, 2003 RETHINKING HOMICIDE persons under 25 years old, and the poor are vastly overrepresented as offenders compared with their respective population distributions (see FBI 2001; Smith and Zahn 1999).
It is interesting to note in this context, however, that there is some evidence of agreement in interpretations of situations conducive to crime. For example, interviews of burglars about target-selection processes often reveal similar assessments of attractive crime conditions. These risk factors for burglars include indicators of signs of occupancy, ease of access, and perceived attractiveness (see Miethe and Meier 1994). 14:10 P1: JMT 0521832993c02 CB617-Miethe-v1 20 November 6, 2003 RETHINKING HOMICIDE analysis of the differences between them.