By Volker Franke
Franke examines the level to which army socialization on the U.S. army Academy prepares cadets cognitively for moving missions. Assessing the dynamic courting among identification, values, and attitudes, he indicates the significance of people' id with social teams for his or her behavioral offerings.
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Extra resources for Preparing for Peace: Military Identity, Value Orientations, and Professional Military Education
Why might one soldier refuse an order to kill? Why might another soldier RESOLVING IDENTITY TENSIONS 35 use excessive force during a peacekeeping mission? We cannot explain these behaviors merely by attributing them to a conflict between the soldier's professional and religious identities—after all, there are many Christian soldiers who do not experience cognitive inconsistencies that threaten their self-conception. The answer in each case will depend on how the individual experiences the situation and which central life interests become potent in that context.
Their social identities are interconnected with their other central life interests, the potency of which is directly influenced by the unique alignment of identities, values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Predicting how individuals will act in a situation when central life interests clash requires understanding the mosaic of cognitive, affective, and behavioral motives that shape their self-conception. In Chapter 3, I extend the network of central life interests to the realm of professional military education and suggest ways in which the dynamic identity model could serve to understand, diminish, and potentially help resolve cognitive inconsistencies.
From the nineteenth through the first half of the twentieth century, public support was closely linked with patriotism and nationalism and, therefore, was quite high. Throughout the twentieth century, the Army never saw its mission or purpose independent of the country's. In fact, it has been described as "the most loyal servant and progeny of this nation, of its institutions and people" (Builder 1989, p. 20). S. forces continue to be charged with peace operations, justifying the military's purpose solely in terms of fighting and winning the nation's wars will become increasingly difficult.