By Montserrat González
This ebook offers the multifunctional nature of pragmatic discourse markers in English and Catalan oral narratives from the perspective of textual content linguistics and contrastive research. it's argued that English and Catalan markers are allotted and function another way at 4 diverse degrees within the diversified discourse buildings of the textual content, i.e. on the ideational, the rhetorical, the sequential, and the inferential degrees. the consequences ensure the differences in functional-systemic degrees, and point out that the character of the 2 languages has an instantaneous impression at the presence and nature of markers within the texts. The research is equipped up on a corpus of English and Catalan elicited narratives of local audio system, adopting the sociolinguistic Labovian framework tailored to the location of informed adults.
The research leads to a greater figuring out of the contribution of pragmatic markers to the association and the translation of oral texts, bringing insights from relevance and cognitive techniques to textual content constitution, and relocating from descriptive to theoretical degrees of research and dialogue.
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Extra info for Pragmatic Markers in Oral Narrative: The Case of English and Catalan
They are sometimes used to suspend the action. b. Appended participles, that is, aligned -ing participles used to describe simultaneous actions described by the main verb, which can also be in progressive form. Usually found in the orientation section; their function is to suspend the action by introducing simultaneous events in an evaluative section: “I was sittin’ on the corner an’shit, smokin’ my cigarette, you know “(1972b: 388). c. ” (1972b: 388). ” (1972b: 389) 37 38 Pragmatic Markers in Oral Narrative 4.
Both reportability and credibility are often intertwined: “Reportable events are almost by deªnition unusual. They are therefore inherently less credible than non-reportable events. In fact, we might say that the more reportable an event is, the less credible it is. Yet credibility is as essential as reportability for the success of a narrative. A narrative that is judged entirely false, ‘nothing but a big lie’, does not have the impact or acceptability of a narrative that is considered essentially true.
Iii. iv. ” (1975: 50) As SchiŸrin (1994a: 368) highlights, Grice’s cooperative principle makes it possible for the listener to infer the meaning of the message, ªrst of all because of the linguistic information (1) and, secondly, because of the shared background knowledge coming from human nature and rationality (2i), from the text (2ii), from the situation (2iii), and from the world (2iv). However, as the author rightly asserts, Grice doesn’t explain how to account for the ‘background knowledge’ context (point 2iii), or for the implications of ‘otherwise’ (point 2ii); whereas the former could be explained in terms of schema, frame or script,19 the latter can be interpreted as the situation in which the speaker produces an utterance.