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By Alison Evans

In 1990, whilst the financial institution ready its 'World improvement document' on poverty, the customers for international poverty relief seemed brilliant. The context within which the financial institution operates has altered considerably on the grounds that then, as has the foreign monetary atmosphere. whereas there were major advancements in social symptoms in such a lot areas, absolutely the variety of bad has persevered to upward push. a few of the major occasions of the subsequent decade couldn't were anticipated. The onslaught of the AIDS epidemic, outbreak of civil conflict, rash of usual failures, and the tough transition to a industry economic system in japanese Europe, important Asia, and East Asia gave no caution indications. by contrast backdrop, the financial institution has reconfirmed its dedication to scuffling with poverty whereas altering its process considerably. whereas it's too early to judge the course set by means of the recent tasks, this file examines the path set for the financial institution via the 1990 technique. It analyzes implementation of the method and relates the teachings of expertise concerning the relevance of the Bank's evolving coverage framework for poverty aid. It recommends larger tracking and review thoughts with the inclusion of transparent, measurable benchmarks for assessing implementation functionality because the financial institution proceeds with the hot ideas.

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Additional info for Poverty Reduction in the 1990s: An Evaluation of Strategy and Performance

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This chapter examines the efficacy of the Bank’s poverty strategy in the light of selected country progress during the 1990s. 3 It is extremely difficult to separate out all these factors. Nevertheless, an attempt is made by looking at a selection of countries covered by recent CAEs—Bolivia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Indonesia, and Ukraine. The case of China is added for comparative purposes. The CAEs provide an important source of data on the causes and consequences of country progress and on the relevance and efficacy of the Bank’s strategy relative to country conditions and borrower performance.

Linkages with relevant economic and sector work were examined. 4 Country Assistance Strategies The CAS, first introduced in 1990, is the main operational document of the Bank. It sets out the goals and objectives of Bank assistance as they relate to government development objectives. In the beginning, the CAS was exclusively a document for Board discussion of International Development Association (IDA) country programs. Over time this changed, both after the CAS was mainstreamed in 1992 to cover all Nonlending Work on Poverty Poverty Assessments The link between country information on poverty and its reflection in the CAS has steadily improved over the decade.

Estimates that incorporate provincespecific inflation rates also suggest that, overall, the proportion of households below the poverty line has risen by 25 percent, with a larger increase in urban than in rural areas. Responses from individuals and households to the crisis include a substantial increase in the employment rates of men and women in their late teens and early 20s and an increased percentage of 13–19 year-olds out of school. Younger children, especially among poor households, are also less likely to be in school.

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