Download Poverty in America: An Encyclopedia by Russell M. Lawson PDF

By Russell M. Lawson

How has the U.S. dealt, all through its lengthy historical past, with one of many worlds oldest difficulties? even though poverty has constantly been a part of the human adventure, societal reactions and responses to it were as assorted because the situation has been static. Poverty in the United States has its personal turbulent historical past of factors, results, and treatments, from debtor's legal to the warfare on Poverty, from Social Darwinism to foodstuff stamps. This in-depth encyclopedia covers the whole historical past of yank poverty from each angle—historical, social, cultural, political, religious, and literary. How has poverty been outlined in the US? What has been performed to avoid it? How have minority teams been affected? How has the church reacted? And what, if whatever, might be performed to cast off it? Poverty in the USA covers those concerns in shiny aspect, from the colonial interval to the economic Revolution to the worldwide financial system of the twenty first century. Impactful fundamental record excerpts from key classes all through American heritage also are incorporated, supplying firsthand bills from either side of the problem. A chronology of occasions and an in depth bibliography around out this attention-grabbing paintings.

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President Roosevelt took a personal interest in the CCC; the action of relocating young men from the impoverished cities and providing them with work, food, and lodging in a rustic setting appealed to his environmental ideals. Even so, relief assistance was the program’s most important goal. Many of the projects undertaken were related to conservation and planned land use; for example, the CCC planted nearly 3 billion trees to renew America’s forests and prevent soil erosion. The highly structured CCC was based on a military model.

Few American Indians escaped the consequences of the expansion of the United States west across the Appalachian Mountains, Mississippi River, and Rocky Mountains. S. government. The Navahos, for example, who today reside on the largest reservation, were defeated by American troops in the 1860s and restricted to a reservation in Arizona. The massive Navaho reservation, covering 24,000 square miles of unfertile desert land, supports 110,000 people, who live in abject poverty. In addition to the establishment of reservations, federal policies toward American Indians have typically had a negative economic and social impact.

Capital to them is the tyrant. A literary example of the experiences of poor children in New York comes from the writings of Stephen Crane, who wrote novels and short stories at the turn of the century. In fictional works such as Maggie: A Girl of the Streets and CHILDREN AND POVERTY An Experiment in Misery, Crane provided a realistic, horrifying, and depressing portrait of the lives of children and young adults in the Bowery of Manhattan in New York. Jimmy and Maggie, brother and sister of drunken parents living in a broken down tenement in the Bowery, live a brutal life, seeking to survive amid violence and poverty on the streets as well as at home: “Eventually they entered a dark region where,” Crane wrote from a careening building, a dozen gruesome doorways gave up loads of babies to the street and the gutter.

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