By World Bank
Drawing upon contemporary analytical paintings ready in and out the area financial institution, this document identifies key classes in regards to the linkages among poverty and the surroundings. With a spotlight at the contribution of environmental assets to family welfare, the research raises our knowing of ways particular reforms and interventions may have an impression at the overall healthiness and livelihoods of negative humans.
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Additional info for Poverty and the Environment : Understanding Linkages at the Household Level (Environment and Development Series)
Discrete and substantive changes in resource availability or access will push the poor deep into poverty, unless these changes directly result in alternate sources of income. While some evidence suggests that degradation has a smaller effect on household welfare because of how households adapt, this is not its only impact on the poor. Households may feel compelled to make less risky decisions as resource availability becomes less secure. One way to help households make high-risk/high-return decisions, thereby enabling movements out of poverty, is to ensure that resourcedependent households feel they can rely on nature’s bank.
If panel data are available, a dummy variable can be included for each household member to control for unobserved factors affecting health that change slowly over time. The second problem mentioned above—having a large enough sample to detect an effect when the health outcome is the infant or child mortality rate—may argue in favor of using household surveys. 1 The third problem—the sample selection bias resulting from analyzing the health impact of the environment infrastructure using only the surviving population—has long been recognized in the health literature.
The relatively small sample size in these studies (611 for Bangladesh, 837 for the Philippines) may be the reason for the lack of statistical significance of the results. Access to electricity. Several studies find a statistically significant impact of access to electricity on child mortality. The India studies using NFHS data indicate that access to regular electricity supply significantly improves children’s survival chances. The 1998–99 survey indicates that access to electricity increases the survival probability of newborns (up to one month old).