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By George Psacharopoulos, Samuel Morley, Ariel Fiszbein, Haeduck Lee, Bill Wood

Hugely empirical research files elevate in poverty and aggravating of source of revenue distribution in the course of Eighties. Demonstrates that low degrees of schooling raise occurrence of poverty and source of revenue inequality. information supplied for person nations. necessary info reference source--Handbook of Latin Americ

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Additional resources for Poverty and Income Distribution in Latin America: The Story of the 1980s (World Bank Technical Paper)

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While the depression destroyed many capitalists, it also served to concentrate markets, production, and therefore wealth into the hands of fewer corporations. For workers, the depression precipitated a desperate struggle merely to maintain wage employment, a struggle that mocked any dreams of independent ownership. While Americans never agreed on what precisely the term meant, the notion of the “producing classes” lent a coherent sense of partnership to capital and labor. Now that partnership seemed torn.

Middle-class perceptions of crisis in the Gilded Age also mirrored earlier panics over vagrancy. The factors generating concern about the “vagrant mode of life” in the antebellum period also fueled the tramp scare of the s: the struggles between the propertied and unpropertied over the uses of public space, fears about the growth of a propertyless proletariat, and anxieties about the loss of traditional social controls in American cities. ” But, to borrow again from Scripture, American homelessness was a house of many mansions, and the great army of tramps possessed numerous features distinguishing it from previous groups of the migrant poor.

Where and how did they travel? Why did some poor Americans hit the road while others stayed put? 8 As for the larger culture, what was its response to this new tramp army? How did middle-class observers explain its rather sudden appearance? What logic, conscious or not, governed middle-class nightmares about “savage” tramps? And why did the tramp crisis become such a flashpoint in the larger struggle over the destiny and meaning of the new industrial America? ”10 Stressing mobility, the new usage also signified a sense of novelty, as if older terms such as “vagrant” or “vagabond” were somehow inappropriate to the moment.

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