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By A.S. Bhalla, Frédéric Lapeyre

In Western Europe, the concept of social exclusion is swiftly diffusing in recent times. This publication investigates the thought of social exclusion as a brand new approach to technique social concerns resembling the 'new poverty' long-term-unemployment, precariousness, social polarization and disintegration. specific realization is paid to either the worldwide relevance of an strategy by way of social exclusion and its worth in comparison to extra traditional methods when it comes to poverty of deprivation. it's proven that social exclusion is going past those via explicitly embracing the relational in addition to the distributional facets of poverty and emphasizing approaches. during this booklet, the authors discover the categorical sorts of social exclusion within the ongoing procedures of globalization, deregulation, predicament of the welfare nation, and upward thrust of individualism.

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Social policies may involve the creation of new institutions or the modification of existing ones in order to build social consensus. To ensure that such consensus is achieved, these policies need to be rooted in people's own analysis of their situation and needs. The notion of a concerted economy developed by the pioneers of French planning after the Second World War (Masse, 1991) is particularly interesting because it emphasizes the role of the state in order to allow a positive dialogue between the different social actors.

Social policies may involve the creation of new institutions or the modification of existing ones in order to build social consensus. To ensure that such consensus is achieved, these policies need to be rooted in people's own analysis of their situation and needs. The notion of a concerted economy developed by the pioneers of French planning after the Second World War (Masse, 1991) is particularly interesting because it emphasizes the role of the state in order to allow a positive dialogue between the different social actors.

This refers to a qualitatively new phenomenon. The traditional welfare systems turn out to be inadequate as the nets of existing national systems of social protection have been unable to ensure effective protection against the risk of social exclusion. Thus social exclusion calls for a radical redesign of social policy towards the development of capabilities, public-private partnerships, participation, and integrated and proactive policies. This is a key policy issue because it emphasizes the need for both a reactive policy to assist the excluded and a proactive policy to avoid entry into the process of exclusion.

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