By Mark A. Rees, Patrick C. Livingood, Professor Stephen Williams, Marvin D. Jeter, Douglas C. Wells, Tristram R. Kidder, Malcolm K. Shuman, Richard A. Weinstein, Virgil Roy Beasley III, Lori Roe, Ian W. Brown
Plaquemine, Louisiana, approximately 10 miles south of Baton Rouge at the banks of the Mississippi River, turns out an unassuming southern neighborhood for which to designate a complete tradition. Archaeological study carried out within the zone among 1938 and 1941, although, printed certain cultural fabrics that supplied the foundation for distinguishing a special cultural manifestation within the reduce Mississippi Valley. Plaquemine used to be first mentioned within the archaeological literature through James Ford and Gordon Willey of their 1941 synthesis of japanese U.S. prehistory. reduce Valley researchers have for this reason grappled with the place to put this tradition within the neighborhood chronology in keeping with its ceramics, earthen mounds, and habitations. Plaquemine cultural fabrics percentage a few features with different neighborhood cultures yet fluctuate considerably from Coles Creek and Mississippian cultures of the Southeast. Plaquemine has for that reason got the doubtful contrast of being outlined through the features it lacks, instead of by way of these it possesses. the present quantity brings jointly eleven top students dedicated to laying off new mild on Plaquemine and offering a clearer figuring out of its courting to different local American cultures. it's the first significant ebook to in particular deal with the archaeology of Plaquemine societies. The authors supply a radical but concentrated evaluation of earlier learn, contemporary revelations, and instructions for destiny learn. They current pertinent new info on cultural variability and connections within the reduce Mississippi Valley and interpret the consequences for comparable cultures and cultural relationships. This quantity ultimately areas Plaquemine at the map, incontrovertibly demonstrating the accomplishments and value of Plaquemine peoples within the lengthy historical past of local North the United States.
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Extra resources for Plaquemine Archaeology
Coles Creek culture is found throughout much of the LMV from the mouth of the Arkansas River to the Gulf of Mexico. 2). Coles Creek occupations are most commonly identi¤ed by their ceramics—grog-tempered wares with decorative motifs and temper characteristics 24 lori roe that distinguish them from earlier types. Ceramics are by far the most abundant artifacts recovered from Coles Creek sites. Settlement types included camps, hamlets, villages, and mound centers (Kidder 1992a; Wells 1997). Ceremonial site architecture, consisting of ®at-topped mounds constructed around level plazas, is found throughout the Coles Creek region.
The great scale of mound construction and landscaping at the Raffman site and the presence of a possible residential structure on the Mound B summit support the claim that social elites commanded control of large communities in some Coles Creek societies. Continuities in ceremony and ideology are indicated by similarities in mound-and-plaza architecture and mound construction techniques and by reuse of the same locations for ceremonial precincts. The relative lack of occupation at Plaquemine mound centers is reminiscent of Coles Creek mound sites, not Mississippian sites.
R. Kidder and Anthony Ortmann volunteered their manual labor and expertise for ¤eld research and offered editorial comments for this chapter. Finally, I am indebted to all the students from Tulane University, Washington University, and the University of Alabama who assisted with ¤eld and lab work. Without their efforts, excavation of Raffman would not have been feasible. 3 Extraregional Contact and Cultural Interaction at the Coles Creek– Plaquemine Transition Recent Data from the Lake Providence Mounds, East Carroll Parish, Louisiana Douglas C.