By Pirkko Suihkonen, Lindsay J. Whaley
The languages of Europe and North and principal Asia offer a wealthy number of information. during this quantity, a few articles are summaries of enormous areal typological study tasks, and a few articles specialize in constructions or buildings in one language. even if, it's common to the entire articles that they examine phenomena that experience now not been tested formerly, or they observe a brand new framework to a subject matter. the amount may be of curiosity to students with a spotlight in this large geographic sector, typologists, ancient linguists and discourse analysts. the distinctiveness of this quantity is that it brings jointly paintings on a genetically various set of languages that experience a few shared areal qualities.
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Additional resources for On Diversity and Complexity of Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia
26). cvb taar-tq, odo m-en zam=a fit-pst now just-dprox way=emph A. ‘Go, go! ’ B. ’ . I am not sure whether -a should be represented as an imperative suffix by itself or whether it should be added as an emphatic clitic to an actual zero imperative suffix. Bayancoɣtu doesn’t mention this morph at all. Benjamin Brosig (26) zooxiangzi-gan suuderle-x maqen-an ab-z=u? 3 Present Progressive and Past Imperfective Present Progressive and Past Imperfective are formed by combining the past and nonpast suffixes with the non-final aspect suffix -zE-.
In (30), the simple yolexuE would constitute a straight, definite answer, while the actual yoloxuE bEEzEn (which is considered as basically equivalent to yoloxuE bEEn by informants) refers to a temporal inability, implicating that he might be able to take it later. Achievements as in (31), in contrast, may lead to iterativization. xur- ‘reach’ is an achievement verb, and so is the entire predication. -zE-n=u refers to the prices that rural chickens are reaching in several events of selling them ranging from the past up to the present.
I don’t properly understand this clause. eden as attributive to xun (thus ‘this person’) seems to make more sense, but is ungrammatical. Neither do I have any evidence that eden can be used for an unspecified impersonal subject. But the transcription is accurate. e. a current state that (given a normal course of events) would lead up to a certain event that is imminent in the current situation: (45) daatvngdon deer ore-nzE-na, en zam motorway on enter-prosp-npst dprox way datvngdon deer ore-n motorway on enter-npst ‘We’re about to enter the motorway.