Download Modern Persian colloquial grammar, containing a short by Friedrich Rosen PDF

By Friedrich Rosen

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Read or Download Modern Persian colloquial grammar, containing a short grammar, dialogues and extracts from Nasir-Eddin shah's diaries, tales, etc., and a vocabulary PDF

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Additional info for Modern Persian colloquial grammar, containing a short grammar, dialogues and extracts from Nasir-Eddin shah's diaries, tales, etc., and a vocabulary

Example text

33) A: Bu adem mu’ellimmu? ‫ ﺑﯘ ﺋﺎدەم ﻣﯘﺋﻪﻟﻠﯩﻢ‬:‫ب‬ B: He’e, bu adem mu’ellim. ’ A: U ademchu? ’ B: Yaq, u mu’ellim emes. , it would be possible to say U ademmu mu’ellimmu? ’ but it would be very long-winded, so chu is a nice shortcut. Echo questions can be very short, as in the following: (34) Uchu? And what about him/her/it? (35) Awuchu? g. Menchu,.. g. Emdi uxlaylichu. ’), see Lesson 10. ’ This mu is always stressed. (36) Awumu zhurnal. ‫ﺋﺎۋۇﻣﯘ ژۇرﻧﺎل‬ (37) Meryemmu oqughuchi. g. Chongmu öy iken bu.

Qandaq tamaq? /Yaxshi tamaq. ’/’Good food’. , ‘in the Uyghur way’) are both adjectives, the question word is qandaq. But below, polu, manta, and lengman are all nouns, so nëme is used: (27) Question: Nëme tamaq? ’ ‫ﻧﯧﻤﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﺎق؟‬ Answers: Polu / lengman / manta. ‘Pilaf/leghmen/dumplings’ ‫ ﭘﻮﻟﯘ‬/ ‫ ﻟﻪﯕﻤﻪن‬/ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﺘﺎ‬ When simply asking what people are having for dinner, use nëme. When focusing on the qualities of something , use qandaq. Here are other examples: (28) a. Bu nëme kitab? ’ ‫ ﺑﯘ ﻧﯩﻤﻪ ﻛﯩﺘﺎب؟‬b.

35 Teklimakandin Salam / A Handbook of Modern Uyghur (Vol. 1) We will also explore two of the noun case suffixes in Uyghur: the dative +GA (indicating direction towards), and the locative +DA (location at/in/on). These suffixes are harmonic, meaning their sound varies depending on the sounds of the preceding noun. Details on these processes are provided in grammar point 4 below, as well as section 4 of the Introduction. ’ The verbs oqu- -‫ ﯘ‬and ögen- -‫ ﯚ ەن‬both have the meaning ‘study,’ but in different senses.

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