By Werner Abraham (Ed.), Elisabeth Leiss (Ed.)
The most subject matters pursued during this quantity are in keeping with empirical insights derived from Germanic: logical and typological inclinations approximately aspect-modality hyperlinks. those are probed in numerous non-related languages. The logically establishable hyperlinks are the next: Modal verbs are point delicate within the collection of their infinitival enhances – embedded infinitival perfectivity implies root modal analyzing, while embedded infinitival imperfectivity triggers epistemic readings. even though, in marked contexts reminiscent of negated ones, the aspectual affinities of modal verbs are neutralized or maybe topic to markedness inversion. All of this implies that languages that don't, or basically in part, bestow upon complete modal verb paradigms search to precise modal diversifications when it comes to their point oppositions. This typological guideline is investigated in quite a few languages from Indo-European (German, Slavic, Armenian), African, Asian, Amerindian, and Creoles. Seeming deviations and idiosyncrasies within the interplay among element and modality change into hugely rule-based.
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Additional resources for Modality-Aspect Interfaces: Implications and Typological Solutions
5. Abraham’s generalizations apply to non-generic and nonalethic modals only. The explanations given were, first, that generic uses of modals are not especially sensitive to aspectual restrictions, and, second, that alethic modals use different aspects as a tool to specify modals as deontics or as epistemics. In Fig. 6 those deontic modals to which Abraham’s generalization apply to are highlighted in bold letters: modals 3 epistemic deontic/root (broad sense) (as opposed to ‘deontic broad sense’) 3 potential generic reading reading 3 alethic non-alethic 3 deontic epistemic (narrow sense) (as opposed to ‘deontic narrow sense’) 3 33 specified subtypes of future-projecting modals Figure 6.
The event, e, is a subelement of the viewer’s temporal reach, t –, not all relations holding between events and sub-events have analogues between the temporal location interval and its subintervals. Since epistemic modality verifies for states and ongoing events, there is a strong convergence between epistemics and Imperfectives. Werner Abraham Let us now argue with respect to the third claim above, (11c): If perfectivity is two-phased in the sense of (23a, b) below, then negation will focus on one of the two phases.
DMV/EMV) In Abraham (2002, 2005) it has been demonstrated how the affinity between perfect ive bi-phasics and DMV can be thought of: deontic characteristics implying eventive bi-phasicness and designating present and future saturation of the event predication, whereas imperfective and epistemic events are mono-phasic. Table 1. Bi-phasic deontic events and monophasic epistemic events (i) (i) |> > > > > > > > > > > >|----------------| (ii) perfective event present state |→→→→→→→→|≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈| (ii) modal deontic event projected future |-----------------------| imperfective event |≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈| epistemic event The bi-phasic structure of perfective verbs can be characterized in terms of mereological features: The first phase of a perfective verb presents an event as a completed action.