By Jutta Fortin
Procedure in insanity appears to be like on the ways that nineteenth-century French literature of the wonderful mirrored what psychoanalysis might later outline as mechanisms of defence. each one bankruptcy of the ebook is devoted to a selected mechanism – fetishization, projection, intellectualization, mechanization, and compulsion – and to a consultant set of texts which illustrate and embrace the method involved. The booklet hence systematizes what has remained in past times a slightly obscure notion of the mental techniques at paintings in superb narrative and of the connection among the wonderful and the rising technological know-how of psychoanalysis. even supposing targeted on French works, together with texts via Gautier, Mérimée, Balzac, George Sand, Maupassant, and Villiers de l’Isle-Adam, the learn unavoidably bargains with the German culture of the wonderful, significantly Hoffmann and Freud. It argues that mechanisms of defence not just happen in outstanding literature, yet that the glorious itself in reality is composed in translating defence into the genuine, therefore making transparent to the reader the very techniques in which defence happens. The publication unearths that the defence mechanisms “fail” within the tremendous, simply because during this literature defence consists of including a true risk to a basically psychic one, thereby intensifying the nervousness and displeasure which the mechanisms of defence are preferably designed to lessen. Contents creation historical past and Theories of the glorious the wonderful and mental Defence define 1 Fetishization Fetishization and the glorious Balzac’s “Le Chef-d’oeuvre inconnu” Maupassant’s “ los angeles Chevelure ” Gautier’s “ Le Pied de momie ” 2 Projection Projection and the wonderful The Uncanny Sand’s “La Fée aux gros yeux” George Sand and Idealism Mérimée’s “Carmen” three Intellectualization Intellectualization and the wonderful Mérimée’s “La Vénus d’Ille ” Mérmimee’s “ Carmen ” four Mechanization Mechanization and the wonderful Hoffmann’s “Der Sandmann” Villiers de l’Isle-Adam’s L’Ève destiny The Mechanical Monster five Compulsion Compulsion and the glorious Maupassant’s “Madame Hermet” Maupassant’s “Fou” end chosen Bibliography
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Additional info for Method in madness : control mechanisms in the French fantastic
7–95. Fetishization 47 out of its wooden brain grotesque ideas, far more wonderful than ‘table-turning’ 43 ever was. In Marx’s theory, a definite social relation exists between men which assumes a “fantastic form of a relation between things” when the latter are produced for the purpose of exchange in the market (Capital 72). As these products are no longer regarded as articles of utility, as Marx argues, they come to be seen as independent beings endowed with life, entering into relation both with each other and with humans.
Freud therefore attributes the term “heimlich” to two distinguishable, but not contradictory sets of ideas. On the one hand, it refers to what is familiar and agreeable and, on the other, to what is concealed and kept out of sight.
45 In Gautier’s tale, the narrator himself refers to the shop as a veritable Capharnaüm (139); all ages and all places “meet” in it. The only unifying criterion for this heterogeneous list of items is their superfluity or absence of use-value. Since all objects are sold in isolation from their original context, they are no longer identifiable in terms of their utility or purpose. Only as they are purchased are they assigned their function. The same is true for the mummy’s foot. 46 Although the narrator intends to use the foot as a paperweight, he selects the piece above all because of its originality and aesthetic value.