Download Man corn: cannibalism and violence in the Prehistoric by Christy G Turner II PDF

By Christy G Turner II

This examine of prehistoric violence, murder, and cannibalism explodes the parable that the Anasazi and different Southwest Indians have been uncomplicated, peaceable farmers. until eventually particularly lately, Southwest prehistory experiences have mostly overlooked or missed facts of violent festival. Christy and Jacqueline Turner’s examine of prehistoric violence, murder, and cannibalism explodes the parable that the Anasazi and different Southwest Indians have been uncomplicated, peaceable farmers. utilizing exact osteological analyses and different strains of facts the Turners exhibit that struggle, violence, and their concomitant horrors have been as universal in the traditional Southwest as wherever else on the earth. The detailed function of this vastly documented research is its multi-regional overview of episodic human bones assemblages (scattered flooring deposits or charnel pits) by means of taphonomic research, which considers what occurs to bones from the time of demise to the time of restoration. through the prior thirty years, the authors and different analysts have pointed out a minimum perimortem taphonomic signature of burning, pot sharpening, anvil abrasions, bone breakage, lower marks, and lacking vertebrae that heavily fit the signatures of animal butchering and is often linked to extra proof of violence. greater than seventy-five archaeological sited containing numerous hundred everyone is rigorously tested for the cannibalism signature. simply because this signature has no longer been pronounced for any websites north of Mexico, except these within the Southwest, the authors additionally current unique comparisons with Mesoamerican skeletal collections the place human sacrifice and cannibalism have been recognized to were practiced. The authors assessment numerous hypotheses for Southwest cannibalism: hunger, social pathology, and institutionalized violence and cannibalism. within the latter case, they current proof for a possible Mexican connection and display that almost all of the recognized cannibalized sequence can be found temporally and spatially close to Chaco nice homes.

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3) Southwestern cannibalism appears to have originated in Mexico, where the practice was common and dates back at least 2,500 years. (4) Social control, social pathology, and some manner of ritual sacrifice, probably in that order of weighting, are provisionally the best combination of explanatory factors. (5) Although reports of prehistoric Southwestern violence and cannibalism have been published since the beginning of the twentieth century, they have been largely ignored. This is partly because the writings of previous generations are seldom read any more and because it is widely believed that prehistoric Southwestern Indians were generally peaceful people (see Woodbury 1959, 1993 for further considerations of this sentiment).

Cannibalism is a natural, cultural, and psychological phenomenon that is sometimes institutionalized, though usually not, and that paleoanthropologists have suggested goes far back in the prehistory of our own and closely related species (Gibbons 1997). We believe it is more productive to try to understand its existence and its motives than to deny them. Any phenomenon that is so encrusted with taboo, emotion, revulsion, sensationalism, and controversy must be worthy of understanding. This book is the first to examine prehistoric Southwestern cannibalism on a regional scale rather than site by site.

7-16-93:27). Page 14 reproduce. Once most of the soft tissue has been consumed or carried away by these species or larger carnivores, primary or secondary scavengers then seek the fat and protein contained in the bones. This skeletal reduction leaves puncturing tooth marks in softer and flatter bones such as vertebral bodies, articular ends of long bones, and rib surfaces. Horned mammals often have their horns chewed away early in the carnivore feeding sequence. Carnivore damage occurs only when a carcass or scattered bones are on the ground surface.

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