By Pet MÃ¼hlhÃ¤usler
During this booklet, the writer examines the transformation of the Pacific language zone lower than the influence of colonization, westernization and modernization. via targeting the linguistic and socio-historical adjustments of the earlier 2 hundred years, it goals to convey a brand new size to the learn of Pacific linguistics, which up before has been ruled through questions of ancient reconstruction and language typology. not like the normal portrayal of linguistic swap as a common approach, the writer makes a speciality of the cultural and ancient forces which force language switch. utilizing the metaphor of language ecology to provide an explanation for and describe the complicated interaction among languages, audio system and social perform, the writer seems to be at how language ecologies have functioned long ago to maintain language variety, and, at what occurs while these ecologies are disrupted. when many of the examples utilized in the publication are taken from the Pacific and Australian quarter, the insights derived from this region are proven to have worldwide purposes. The textual content can be worthy for linguists and all these attracted to the massive scale lack of human language.
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Additional resources for Linguistic Ecology: Language Change and Linguistic Imperialism in the Pacific Rim (The Politics of Language Series)
Salisbury 1972:54) Salisbury emphasizes that translation is not needed to ensure better understanding of a message but that: We must interpret repetition and the translation of speeches as a linguistic means of emphasizing the importance and public nature of the discourse. The mechanism is deliberately used by speakers to distinguish the two linguistic environments, rather than its use being unconsciously determined by the speaker’s finding himself in a particular social situation. Bilingualism is thus a useful accomplishment for anyone who is likely to make public speeches and who wishes to be able to attract attention to the importance of what he says.
Javanese basa, for instance, as pointed out by Ben Anderson (1990), included in its broad semantic field the notions of civility, rationality and truth: Basa, just like bahasa in Classical Malay, meant ‘language’; but it always included in its broad semantic field the notions of civility, rationality, and truth. This conception of ‘true’ language meant that in the profoundest sense Javanese (or in their local habitats, Sundanese, Balinese and Buginese) was isomorphic with the world, as it were glued to it.
Silent barter has begun to be investigated by Dutton (1987) and some aspects of communication through interpreters are discussed by Schlesier (1961). However, the study of translating practices in the Pacific remains rudimentary, though a particularly readable account of chain translation across several languages in Papua New Guinea (Voorhoeve 1979) suggests that there is considerable scope for research here. As regards biand multilingualism, Salisbury (1972) has remarked: During anthropological fieldwork in the New Guinea Highlands in 1952–3 I made numerous observations on the prevalence of bilingualism and multilingualism.