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By Calvin R. Rensch, Sandra J. Decker, Daniel G. Hallberg

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Extra info for Languages of Kohistan (Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan, 1)

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The six older uneducated men who served as subjects constitute fourteen percent of the group of subjects. However, the older uneducated men are twenty-three percent of the men of the community profile. Not surprisingly, then, there would need to be about ten older uneducated male subjects in the test sample if their number were to be proportional to the size of their group within the total population. In (14) can be seen the actual number of the subjects in each category and their distribution over the range of scores on the Urdu sentence repetition test.

As one progresses up the valley above the Ushojo-speaking communities, one encounters settlements of Kashkari immigrants from Chitral, who now speak Torwali. At the higher elevations are found exclusively Gujarispeaking communities. Biddulph (1880:69) reported that Chail was the center of the Torwali population, but that place has now been taken by Bahrain (Biddulph’s Branihal [1880:69]), located as it is along the highway in the main valley, where tourism and government functions have brought considerable growth.

That group (middle aged educated men) constitutes fifteen percent of the men of the community profile. In the case of this age-education subgroup, the number of subjects reflects rather accurately the proportion of that group within the total population. However, it is notoriously difficult in certain kinds of field data collection to gain the cooperation of groups such as older uneducated men. Such shy groups are often under-represented in the group of subjects. The six older uneducated men who served as subjects constitute fourteen percent of the group of subjects.

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